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Gender differences in rural and urban practice location among mid-level health care providers

Lindsay, S 2007, 'Gender differences in rural and urban practice location among mid-level health care providers' , The Journal of Rural Health, 23 (1) , pp. 72-76.

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Abstract

Context: Mid-level providers comprise an increasing proportion of the health care workforce and play a key role in providing health services in rural and underserved areas. Although women comprise the majority of mid-level providers, they are less likely to work in a rural area than men. Maldistribution of health providers between urban and rural practices is an important issue influencing health care. Purpose: To gain further insight into this issue, this study examined how mid-level practice location varied by gender. Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 55 nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and nurse anesthetists in New York State and Pennsylvania. Findings: Results suggest that family and community ties played a key role in influencing practice location. Men were particularly drawn to the broad scope of practice and autonomous nature of rural practice. Women in rural areas enjoyed the more personable environment and greater respect from colleagues and patients. Both male and female rural providers preferred their location because there were fewer turf issues, while some women were concerned about being professionally isolated. Meanwhile, both men and women enjoyed the fast pace, specialization, and greater opportunities urban areas had to offer. Conclusions: Recruitment efforts should focus on candidates from rural areas and not underestimate the impact of family in decisions about work location.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects / Themes > G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Subjects / Themes > H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Health and Wellbeing
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: The Journal of Rural Health
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0890765X
Depositing User: H Kenna
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2009 17:07
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:52
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/1085

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