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Resilience of naturally ventilated buildings to climate change: advanced natural ventilation and hospital wards

Lomas, K and Ji, Y 2009, 'Resilience of naturally ventilated buildings to climate change: advanced natural ventilation and hospital wards' , Energy and Buildings, 41 (6) , pp. 629-653.

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    Abstract

    Naturally ventilated buildings have a key role to play mitigating climate change. The predicted indoor temperatures in spaces with simple single-sided natural ventilation (SNV) are compared with those in spaces conditioned using a form of edge in, edge out advanced natural ventilation (ANV) for various UK locations. A criterion, for use in conjunction with the BSEN15251 adaptive thermal comfort method, is proposed for determining when the risk of overheating, both now and in the future, might be deemed unacceptable. The work is presented in the context building new, and refurbishing existing, healthcare buildings and in particular hospital wards. The spaces conditioned using the ANV strategy were much more resilient to increases in both internal heat gains and climatic warming than spaces with SNV. The ANV strategy used less energy, and emitted less CO2 than conventional, mechanically ventilated (MV) alternatives. In a warming world, the ‘life-expectancy’ of passively cooled buildings can be substantially influenced by the internal heat gains. Therefore, resilience to climate change, susceptibility to internal heat gains and the impact of future heat waves, should be an integral part of any new building or building refurbishment design process.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural ventilation, climate change, overheating, adaptive thermal comfort, health care, energy use
    Themes: Built and Human Environment
    Energy
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment > Urban Quality Research Centre (UQRC)
    Journal or Publication Title: Energy and Buildings
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 0378-7788
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Dr Yingchun Ji
    Date Deposited: 27 May 2011 10:29
    Last Modified: 21 Jul 2014 10:32
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/11432

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