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City centre crime: Design thinking for safer city centres

Wootton, A, Marselle, M and Davey, C 2009, City centre crime: Design thinking for safer city centres , in: 8th European Academy of Design Conference, 1st, 2nd & 3rd April 2009, The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland..

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    Abstract

    This paper presents the findings of research investigating the relationship between the urban environment and the occurrence of crime, with the aim of devising and implementing practical design interventions to reduce crime and anti-social behaviour. The project, entitled City Centre Crime, was conducted by the Design Against Crime Solution Centre at the University of Salford, and initiated by the Manchester Crime & Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP). An area of Manchester’s city centre was identified by the CDRP as containing a significant number of crime ‘hot spots’. A holistic approach was employed by the Solution Centre in order to understand more fully the motivations and behaviour—both legitimate and illegitimate—of users of the built environment. Data was gathered from a range of sources, including police recorded crime data, details of modus operandi, geographical information analyses, qualitative interviews with public and private stakeholders, and observational research. Problem Profile documents based on the structure of the Crime Lifecycle model (Wootton & Davey, 2003) were developed for each crime type, bringing together all statistical, causal and place-based contextual factors. This collation of data meant the Problem Profiles could be used as a form of design brief used to encourage creative thinking and facilitate design innovation and concept generation activities to ‘design against crime’. Design interventions aimed at reducing the occurrence and impact of crime were generated for each crime type. This paper will outline the content of key Problem Profiles and discuss the design intervention concepts that were developed from them.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Arts & Media > Centre for Media, Art & Design Research and Engagement (MADRE)
    Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
    Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Arts & Media
    Journal or Publication Title:
    Refereed: Yes
    Depositing User: CL Davey
    Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2010 16:57
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:43
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/12531

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