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The opposites task: Using general rules to test cognitive flexibility in preschoolers

Baker, S, Friedman, O and Leslie, A 2010, 'The opposites task: Using general rules to test cognitive flexibility in preschoolers' , Journal of Cognition and Development, 11 (2) , pp. 240-254.

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    Abstract

    A brief narrative description of the journal article, document, or resource. Executive functions play an important role in cognitive development, and during the preschool years especially, children's performance is limited in tasks that demand flexibility in their behavior. We asked whether preschoolers would exhibit limitations when they are required to apply a general rule in the context of novel stimuli on every trial (the "opposites" task). Two types of inhibitory processing were measured: response interference (resistance to interference from a competing response) and proactive interference (resistance to interference from a previously relevant rule). Group data show 3-year-olds have difficulty inhibiting prepotent tendencies under these conditions, whereas 5-year-olds' accuracy is near ceiling in the task. (Contains 4 footnotes and 1 table.)

    Item Type: Article
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
    Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences > Centre for Social Justice Research
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Cognition and Development
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 1524-8372
    Depositing User: Users 29196 not found.
    Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2011 15:50
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:46
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/12852

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