Skip to the content

Historical development of psychiatric classification and mental illness

Collier, E 2008, 'Historical development of psychiatric classification and mental illness' , British journal of nursing, 17 (14) , pp. 890-894.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (89kB) | Request a copy

    Abstract

    Psychiatric classification has been developing for over 100 years and there are now over 400 diagnoses available. Dementia and adjustment disorder were the only diagnosis available for older adults until a number of papers published between 1944 and 1955 demonstrated the relevance of functional mental illness for older adults. It was not until 1987 that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association included an option to diagnose schizophrenia in the over 45s. This paper describes the historical development of psychiatric classification and discusses how this has potentially influenced ageist attitudes to older people, with particular reference to schizophrenia and dementia. Nurses are encouraged to reflect on their own attitudes in light of this discussion as to how medical frameworks for understanding mental illness may have influenced personal beliefs, particularly ageist beliefs about older adults.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Ageism, mental illness, older adults, psychiatric classification
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > RT Nursing
    Health and Wellbeing
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
    Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences
    Journal or Publication Title: British journal of nursing
    Publisher: Mark Allen Publishing
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 0966-0461
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Institutional Repository
    Date Deposited: 04 May 2011 12:56
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:47
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/13874

    Document Downloads

    More statistics for this item...

    Actions (login required)

    Edit record (repository staff only)