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Predicting lower limb joint kinematics using wearable motion sensors

Findlow, AH, GOULERMAS, J, Nester, CJ, Howard, D and Kenney, LPJ 2008, 'Predicting lower limb joint kinematics using wearable motion sensors' , Gait & Posture, 28 (1) , pp. 120-126.

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The aim of this study was to estimate sagittal plane ankle, knee and hip gait kinematics using 3D angular velocity and linear acceleration data from motion sensors on the foot and shank. We explored the accuracy of intra-subject predictions (i.e., where training and testing uses trials from the same subject) and inter-subject (where testing uses subjects different from the ones used for training) predictions, and the effect of loss of sensor data on prediction accuracy. Hip, knee and ankle kinematic data were collected using reflective markers. Simultaneously, foot and shank angular velocity and linear acceleration data were collected using small integrated accelerometers/gyroscope units. A generalised regression networks algorithm was used to predict the former from the latter. The best results were from intra-subject redictions, with very high correlations (0.93–0.99) and low mean absolute deviation (22.38) between measured kinematic joint angles and predicted angles. The inter-subject case produced poorer correlations (0.70–0.89) and larger absolute differences between measured and predicted angles, ranging from 4.918 (left ankle) to 9.068 (right hip). The angular velocity data added little to the accuracy of predictions and there was also minimal benefit to using sensor data from the shank. Thus, a wearable system based only on footwear mounted sensors and a simpler sensor set providing only acceleration data shows potential. Whilst predictions were generally stable when sensor data was lost, it remains to be seen whether the generalised regression networks algorithm is robust for other activities such as stair climbing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gait analysis, motion sensors, kinemtaic prediction, neural network
Themes: Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Schools > College of Health & Social Care
Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Health Sciences
Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Gait & Posture
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0966-6362
Depositing User: RH Shuttleworth
Date Deposited: 09 May 2011 08:58
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2015 00:24

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