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A systematic review to determine best practice reporting guidelines for AFO interventions in studies involving children with cerebral palsy

Ridgewell, E, Dobson, F, Bach, T and Baker, RJ 2010, 'A systematic review to determine best practice reporting guidelines for AFO interventions in studies involving children with cerebral palsy' , Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 34 (2) , pp. 129-145.

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    Abstract

    Studies which have examined the effects of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) on children with cerebral palsy (CP) often report insufficient detail about the participants, devices and testing protocols. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the level and quality of detail reported about these factors in order to generate best practice guidelines for reporting of future studies. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to identify studies which examined any outcome measure relating to AFO use in children with CP. A customized checklist was developed for data extraction and quality assessment. There was substantial variability in the level and quality of detail reported across the 41-paper yield. Many papers reported insufficient detail to allow synthesis of outcomes across studies. The findings of this review have been used to generate guidelines for best practice of reporting for AFO intervention studies. It is important to ensure homogeneity of gait pattern in a subject sample or to subdivide a sample to investigate the possibility that heterogeneity affected results. It is also important to describe the orthosis in sufficient detail that the device can be accurately replicated because differences in designs have been shown to affect outcomes. These guidelines will help researchers provide more systematic and detailed reports and thereby permit future reviewers to more accurately assess both the reporting and quality of orthotic interventions, and will facilitate synthesis of literature to enhance the evidence base.

    Item Type: Article
    Themes: Health and Wellbeing
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
    Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Health Sciences
    Journal or Publication Title: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
    Publisher: Informa Healthcare
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 0309-3646
    Depositing User: RH Shuttleworth
    Date Deposited: 11 May 2011 10:56
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:51
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/15744

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