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A generic analytical foot rollover model for predicting translational ankle kinematics in gait simulation studies

Ren, L, Howard, D, Ren, L, Nester, CJ and Tian, L 2010, 'A generic analytical foot rollover model for predicting translational ankle kinematics in gait simulation studies' , Journal of Biomechanics, 43 (2) , pp. 194-202.

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The objective of this paper is to develop an analytical framework to representing the ankle-foot kinematics by modelling the foot as a rollover rocker, which cannot only be used as a generic tool for general gait simulation but also allows for case-specific modelling if required. Previously, the rollover models used in gait simulation have often been based on specific functions that have usually been of a simple form. In contrast, the analytical model described here is in a general form that the effective foot rollover shape can be represented by any polar function p=p(o). Furthermore, a normalised generic foot rollover model has been established based on a normative foot rollover shape dataset of 12 normal healthy subjects. To evaluate model accuracy, the predicted ankle motions and the centre of pressure (CoP) were compared with measurement data for both subject-specific and general cases. The results demonstrated that the ankle joint motions in both vertical and horizontal directions (relative RMSE ~10%) and CoP (relative RMSE ~ 15% for most of the subjects) are accurately predicted over most of the stance phase (from 10% to 90% of stance). However, we found that the foot cannot be very accurately represented by a rollover model just after heel strike (HS) and just before toe off (TO), probably due to shear deformation of foot plantar tissues (ankle motion can occur without any foot rotation). The proposed foor rollover model can be used in both inverse and forward dynamics gait simulation studies and may also find applications in rehabilitation engineering.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Footmodel, ankle, rocker, gait simulation
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Schools > School of Health Sciences
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Biomechanics
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 00219290
Depositing User: RH Shuttleworth
Date Deposited: 12 May 2011 10:06
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:46

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