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CFD modelling of natural ventilation: combined wind and buoyancy forces

Cook, M, Ji, Y and Hunt, G 2003, 'CFD modelling of natural ventilation: combined wind and buoyancy forces' , The International Journal of Ventilation, 1 (3) , pp. 169-180.

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Abstract

Results of a CFD simulation of the wind-assisted stack ventilation of a single-storey enclosure with high and low-level ventilation openings are presented and compared with both the laboratory measurements and the analytical model of the flow and thermal stratification developed by Hunt and Linden (2001). Comparisons show that close quantitative agreement is obtained between the thermal stratification predicted by the CFD and the analytical model and experimental measurements. A key consideration in the CFD modelling work is how to specify appropriate boundary conditions at the inlet and outlet locations of the enclosure. This paper investigates the use of constant pressure boundary conditions imposed over an opening whose physical area has been reduced to account for the effects of discharge and expansion. The close agreement with the analytical predictions and experimental results gives confidence in this approach and offers guidance on how to model wind-assisted stack ventilation flows using CFD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CFD, natural ventilation, wind, buoyancy, analytical model, salt-bath experiment, comparisons
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment > Urban Quality Research Centre (UQRC)
Journal or Publication Title: The International Journal of Ventilation
Publisher: VEETCH Ltd
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1473-3315
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Yingchun Ji
Date Deposited: 27 May 2011 10:20
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:52
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/15841

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