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An electromyographical comparison of trunk muscle activity during isometric trunk and dynamic strengthening exercises

Comfort, P, Pearson, S and Mather, D 2011, 'An electromyographical comparison of trunk muscle activity during isometric trunk and dynamic strengthening exercises' , Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research , 25 (1) , pp. 149-154.

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to compare rectus abdominis and erector spinae muscle activity during isometric (prone bridge [PB] and superman [SM]) and dynamic strengthening exercises (back squat, front squat [FS], and military press). Participants (n = 10, age 21.8 6 2.6 years; body mass 82.65 6 10.80 kg, 174.56 7.2 cm), performed each exercise in a randomized order, using a repeated-measures design. Electromyographical (EMG) activity (sampling at 2,000 Hz) of the rectus abdominis (RA) and the erector spinae (ES) muscles was recorded throughout the duration of the exercises. Intraclass correlations demonstrated the highest levels of reliability for muscle activity during the isometric exercises; however, all exercises demonstrated high level of reliability (r = 0.764– 0.998, p # 0.01). The PB demonstrated significantly greater (p ,0.01) RA activity compared to all other exercises. The ES activity was significantly (p, 0.01) greater during the FS (1.01060.308 root mean square value [RMS (V)]) and SM (0.951 6 0.217 RMS[V]) and compared to all other exercises, although there was no significant difference (p . 0.05) between the FS and the SM exercise. The PB may be the most suitable exercise for strengthening the RA, compared to dynamic exercises at a low to moderate load, because of a higher level of muscle activity. The FS may be a useful alternative to isometric exercises when strengthening the ES, because it results in slightly higher muscle activity levels when using only a light to moderate load. Because of the dynamic nature of the FS, this may also be more beneficial in transferring to activities of daily living and sporting environments.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: electromyography, rectus abdominis, erector spinae, trunk strengthening
    Themes: Health and Wellbeing
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
    Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
    Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Health Sciences
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
    Publisher: Human Kinetics
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 1064-8011
    Depositing User: RH Shuttleworth
    Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2011 10:07
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:53
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/15863

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