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The acute effects of heavy and light resistances on the flight time of a basketball push-pass during upper body complex training

Matthews, MJ, O'Conchuir, C and Comfort, P 2009, 'The acute effects of heavy and light resistances on the flight time of a basketball push-pass during upper body complex training' , Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23 (7) , pp. 1988-1995.

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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of high-load and low-load complex training on upper-body performance—determined by the flight time of a basketball push-pass. Twelve competitive male athletes (21.8 6 4.5 years, 82.0 6 11.7 kg, 181.6 6 5.6 cm), with at least 6 months weight training experience and no musculoskeletal disorders, undertook 3 testing conditions. Condition 1 involved 5 repetitions at 85% of a 1 repetition maximum (1RM) bench press; Condition 2 involved 5 repetitions of a 2.3-kg medicine ball push-pass; and Condition 3 was the control, where participants rested for the equivalent time of the other conditions (;20 seconds). Each condition was preceded and followed by an electronically timed basketball push-pass. Results indicate a significant (3.99%, P = 0.001) reduction in flight time following the completion of Condition 1 (85% 1RM) but no significant changes (1.96%, P = 0.154) were seen following Condition 2 (medicine ball push-pass). Furthermore, there was a significant difference (P = 0.016) between Condition 1 (85% 1RM) and Condition 2 (medicine ball throw). This study appears to confirm previous research suggesting that high loads are required to elicit a potentiation effect. For those athletes wishing to produce a short-term enhancement of power, they should consider loads in the region of 85% 1RM. Results with the lower load showed greater variation, with some individuals responding and others not. Because there appears to be an individual potentiation response to lighter loads, we recommend that, when equipment is limited, athletes and coaches experiment with a range of loads when performing contrast training.

    Item Type: Article
    Themes: Health and Wellbeing
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
    Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Health Sciences
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
    Publisher: Human Kinetics
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 1064-8011
    Depositing User: RH Shuttleworth
    Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2011 12:07
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:53
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/15966

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