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Defining the knee joint flexion–extension axis for purposes of quantitative gait analysis: An evaluation of methods

Schache, AG, Baker, RJ and Lamoreux, LW 2006, 'Defining the knee joint flexion–extension axis for purposes of quantitative gait analysis: An evaluation of methods' , Gait & Posture, 24 (1) , pp. 100-109.

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Abstract

Minimising measurement variability associated with hip axial rotation and avoiding knee joint angle cross-talk are two fundamental objectives of any method used to define the knee joint flexion–extension axis for purposes of quantitative gait analysis. The aim of this experiment was to compare three different methods of defining this axis: the knee alignment device (KAD) method, a method based on the transepicondylar axis (TEA) and an alternative numerical method (Dynamic). The former two methods are common approaches that have been applied clinically in many quantitative gait analysis laboratories; the latter is an optimisation procedure. A cohort of 20 subjects performed three different functional tasks (normal gait; squat; non-weight bearing knee flexion) on repeated occasions. Three-dimensional hip and knee angles were computed using the three alternative methods of defining the knee joint flexion–extension axis. The repeatability of hip axial rotation measurements during normal gait was found to be significantly better for the Dynamic method ( p < 0.01). Furthermore, both the variance in the knee varus–valgus kinematic profile and the degree of knee joint angle cross-talk were smallest for the Dynamic method across all functional tasks. The Dynamic method therefore provided superior results in comparison to the KAD and TEA-based methods and thus represents an attractive solution for orientating the knee joint flexion–extension axis for purposes of quantitative gait analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gait analysis, kinematics, knee, axis of rotation, hip rotation
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Gait & Posture
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 09666362
Depositing User: RH Shuttleworth
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2011 11:33
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:59
URI: http://usir.eprints.org/id/eprint/16537

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