Femoral derotation osteotomy in spastic diplegia
Pirpiris, M, Trivett, A, Baker, RJ, Rodda, J, Nattrass, GR and Graham, HK 2003, 'Femoral derotation osteotomy in spastic diplegia' , The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 85 (2) , pp. 265-272.
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We describe the results of a prospective study of 28 children with spastic diplegia and in-toed gait, who had bilateral femoral derotation osteotomies undertaken at either the proximal intertrochanteric or the distal supracondylar level of the femur. Preoperative clinical evaluation and three-dimensional movement analysis determined any additional soft-tissue surgery. Distal osteotomy was faster with significantly lower blood loss than proximal osteotomy. The children in the distal group achieved independent walking earlier than those in the proximal group (6.9 ± 1.3 v 10.7 ± 1.7 weeks; p < 0.001). Transverse plane kinematics demonstrated clinically significant improvements in rotation of the hip and the foot progression angle in both groups. Correction of rotation of the hip was from 17 ± 11° internal to 3 ± 9.5° external in the proximal group and from 9 ± 14° internal to 4 ± 12.4° external in the distal group. Correction of the foot progression angle was from a mean of 10.0 ± 17.3° internal to 13.0 ± 11.8° external in the proximal group (p < 0.001) compared with a mean of 7.0 ± 19.4° internal to 10.0 ± 12.2° external in the distal group (p < 0.001). Femoral derotation osteotomy at both levels gives comparable excellent correction of rotation of the hip and foot progression angles in children with spastic diplegia.
|Themes:||Health and Wellbeing|
|Schools:||Schools > School of Health Sciences|
|Journal or Publication Title:||The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery|
|Publisher:||British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery|
|Depositing User:||RH Shuttleworth|
|Date Deposited:||07 Jul 2011 08:43|
|Last Modified:||30 Nov 2015 23:50|
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