Control of bio-regenerated granular activated carbon by spreadsheet modelling
Scholz, M and Martin, R 1998, 'Control of bio-regenerated granular activated carbon by spreadsheet modelling' , Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 71 (3) , pp. 253-261.
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The optimisation of water purification with biological activated carbon (BAC) is described. Procedures are suggested to control biofilm growth and to use bio-indicators to predict TOC (total organic carbon) and COD (chemical oxygen demand) removal efficiencies. Empty bed contact time (EBCT) was a major physical control parameter. Dissolved oxygen (DO), pH and nutrients of the influent were controlled according to the abundance of bacteria, protozoa and rotifers. Numbers of micro-organisms in BAC beds were determined. Certain genera of ciliated protozoa, representing healthy environmental conditions, were employed as biological indicators for system performance during biological regeneration of exhausted granular activated carbon (GAC). There was a strong positive correlation between the abundance of some protozoa in the liquid phase of the BAC bed and COD concentration in the effluent. Mathematical spreadsheet models were constructed to estimate COD removal efficiency of BAC filters with different loading rates, DO, pH, nutrient requirements and populations of micro-organisms.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Water purification, biological activated carbon, control of pH and dissolved oxygen, empty bed contact time, spreadsheet modelling, protozoa|
|Themes:||Built and Human Environment
|Schools:||Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology|
|Depositing User:||Users 47901 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||15 Jul 2011 10:05|
|Last Modified:||01 Dec 2015 00:04|
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