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Influence of gender and anaesthesia type on day surgery anxiety

Mitchell, Mark 2011, 'Influence of gender and anaesthesia type on day surgery anxiety' , Journal Of Advanced Nursing . (In Press)

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Aim: To investigate the possible influence of gender and anaesthesia type on anxiety prior to day surgery. Background: Elective surgery undertaken on a day, short stay or ‘day of surgery’ basis is growing and much emphasis also placed on ‘enhanced recovery’ for in-patient surgery. During such brief episodes pre-operative apprehension can be considerable but the opportunity to help reduce anxiety is minimal and formal plans uncommon. Method: As part of a larger study, a questionnaire was distributed to 1606 patients undergoing day surgery with anaesthesia (2005 – 2007). Participants were requested to return the questionnaire by mail 24 – 48 hours following surgery with 674 returned. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of variance. Results: 82.4% experienced anxiety on the day of surgery with the wait, anaesthesia and possible pain being common anxiety provoking aspects. The majority preferred to receive information between 1 - 4 weeks in advance and participants experiencing general anaesthesia required information at a statistically significantly earlier stage. General anaesthesia participants were statistically significantly more anxious than local anaesthesia participants and desired more information. Females were statistically significantly more anxious, anxiety commenced earlier and they preferred to wait with a relative/ friend or talk with other patients. Conclusions: Anxiety was experienced by the majority of participants but was more prevalent amongst general anaesthesia and females. For general anaesthesia patients, a comprehensive level of information may be required a number of weeks prior to surgery and gender differences associated with the pre-operative wait may require greater consideration.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences > Centre for Nursing, Midwifery & Social Work Research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal Of Advanced Nursing
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0309-2402
Depositing User: MJ Mitchell
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2011 14:42
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2014 11:10

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