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Hepatic stellate cells and parasite-induced liver fibrosis

Anthony, BJ, Allen, JT, Li, YS and McManus, DP 2010, 'Hepatic stellate cells and parasite-induced liver fibrosis' , Parasites & Vectors, 3 (1) , p. 60.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRACT: Fibrogenesis is a common feature of many diseases where there is severe insult to the liver. The hepatic stellate cell trans-differentiation into a myofibroblast has been identified as an important event in liver fibrogenesis and has been well investigated over the last few years in a number of liver diseases. The trans-differentiation process can be monitored in vitro by evaluation of biomarkers that are characteristic of normal quiescent hepatic stellate cells or activated myofibroblasts. Two major parasitic diseases associated with liver injury and fibrosis are schistosomiasis and echinococcosis. Recent studies have highlighted a role for activated hepatic stellate cells in both murine and human schistosomiasis as well as demonstrating that schistosome antigens are able to regulate this trans-differentiation process. Study of the hepatic stellate cell and its interaction with parasite-derived antigens may be pivotal in our understanding of the pathology associated with schistosomiasis and other parasitic diseases, including echinococcosis, as well as revealing new information on the trans-differentiation process in this cell type.

    Item Type: Article
    Themes: Health and Wellbeing
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
    Journal or Publication Title: Parasites & Vectors
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 1756-3305
    Depositing User: JT Allen
    Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2011 10:15
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 18:11
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/17906

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