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The situational argument: do midwives agree or acquiesce with senior staff?

Hollins-Martin, CJ and Bull, P 2010, 'The situational argument: do midwives agree or acquiesce with senior staff?' , Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 28 (2) , pp. 180-190.

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Abstract

This study concerns midwives’ obedience/conformity to direction from a senior person. We sought to identify whether midwives just went along with what a midwife at management level suggested, or instead altered their views to match. In the first condition, a postal Social Influence Scale-Midwifery (SIS-M) measured and scored 209 midwives’ private responses to 10 clinical questions. In a second condition, a senior midwife successfully influenced 60 of these midwives to alter their SIS-M decisions to agree with her suggested correct responses. In a third condition, a postal condition again measured the midwives private SIS-M responses. The aim was to elicit whether the midwives’ simply complied with the senior midwife’s suggestions during interview or actually changed their opinions to match hers. A 3 (E (lowest grade), F (middle grade) & G (sister grade)) × 3(above conditions) ANOVA found a significant main effect for conditions (F(2,94) = 151.87, p = 0.001) with higher scores in the interview condition when the senior midwife passively influenced participant responses. Results inform that the interview manipulation had no lasting social influence effect, consistent with Milgram’s transient situational argument. That is, in the presence of senior staff, midwives’ decisions are profoundly influenced.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences > Centre for Nursing, Midwifery & Social Work Research
Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Publisher: Routledge
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0264-6838
Depositing User: CJ Hollins-Martin
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2011 15:58
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2014 13:02
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/19192

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