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Mapping hydraulic biotopes using terrestrial laser scan data of water surface properties

Milan, DJ, Heritage, GL, Large, ARG and Entwistle, NS 2010, 'Mapping hydraulic biotopes using terrestrial laser scan data of water surface properties' , Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 35 (8) , pp. 918-931.

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    Abstract

    For more than a decade, habitat mapping using biotopes (in-channel hydraulically-defi ned habitats) has underpinned aquatic conservation in the UK through (a) providing baseline information on system complexity and (b) allowing environmental and ecological change to be monitored and evaluated. The traditional method used is the subjective river habitat or corridor survey. This has recently been revised to include the fl oodplain via GeoRHS, but issues still exist concerning development of a national database due to the labour intensive nature of the data collection, subjectivity issues between samplers, temporal changes, the fuzzy nature of perceived habitats and habitat boundaries. This paper takes an innovative approach to biotope defi nition using high resolution spatial data to defi ne water surface roughness for two representative reaches of the River South Tyne, Cumbria, and the River Rede, Northumberland, UK. Data was collected using a terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) and hydraulic variability simply expressed through assigning a local standard deviation value to a set of adjacent water surface values. Statistical linkage of these data with biotope locations defi ned visually in the fi eld allowed complete mapping of the surveyed reach defi ning habitat and biotope areas to the fi ne scale resolution of the TLS data. Despite issues of data loss due to absorption and transmission through the water, the refl ected signal generated an extremely detailed and objective map of the water surface roughness, which may be compared with known biotope locations as defi ned by visual identifi cation in the fi eld. The TLS accuracy achieved in the present study is comparable with those obtained using hyperspectral imagery: with 84% of the pool/glide/marginal deadwater amalgamated biotope, 88% of riffl es, 57% of runs and 50% of the amalgamated cascade/rapid biotope successfully plotted. It is clear from this exercise that biotope distribution is more complex than previously mapped using subjective techniques, and based upon the water surface roughness delimiters presented in this study, the amalgamation of pools with glides and marginal deadwaters, riffl es with unbroken standing waves, and cascades with rapids, is proposed.

    Item Type: Article
    Themes: Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
    Journal or Publication Title: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 01979337
    Depositing User: Users 29196 not found.
    Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2011 16:39
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 18:19
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/19275

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