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Nanostructural and magnetic studies of virtually monodispersed NiFe2O4 nanocrystals synthesized by a liquid–solid-solution assisted hydrothermal route

Li, X, Tan, G, Chen, W, Zhou, B, Xue, D, Peng, Y, Li, F and Mellors, N.J. 2012, 'Nanostructural and magnetic studies of virtually monodispersed NiFe2O4 nanocrystals synthesized by a liquid–solid-solution assisted hydrothermal route' , Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 14 (751) .

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Abstract

This study presents a comprehensively and systematically structural, chemical and magnetic characterization of *9.5 nm virtually monodispersed nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) nanoparticles prepared using a modified liquid–solid-solution (LSS) assisted hydrothermal method. Lattice-resolution scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) and converged beam electron diffraction pattern (CBED) techniques are adapted to characterize the detailed spatial morphology and crystal structure of individual NiFe2O4 particles at nano scale for the first time. It is found that each NiFe2O4 nanoparticle is single crystal with an fcc structure. The morphology investigation reveals that the prepared NiFe2O4 nanoparticles of which the surfaces are decorated by oleic acid are dispersed individually in hexane. The chemical composition of nickel ferrite nanoparticles is measured to be 1:2 atomic ratio of Ni:Fe, indicating a pure NiFe2O4 composition. Magnetic measurements reveal that the as-synthesized nanocrystals displayed superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature and were ferromagnetic at 10 K. The nanoscale characterization and magnetic investigation of monodispersed NiFe2O4 nanoparticles should be significant for its potential applications in the field of biomedicine and magnetic fluid using them as magnetic materials.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Energy
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Materials & Physics Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Nanoparticle Research
Publisher: Springer
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1388-0764
Depositing User: NJ Mellors
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2012 10:43
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2014 10:17
URI: http://usir.eprints.org/id/eprint/20648

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