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A new fine spray, low flowrate, spill-return swirl atomizer

Nasr, GG, Yule, AJ, Stewart, JA, Whitehead, A and Hughes, T 2011, 'A new fine spray, low flowrate, spill-return swirl atomizer' , Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 225 (4) , pp. 897-908.

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    Abstract

    A novel high liquid pressure fine spray swirl atomizer has been developed, which incorporates a spill-return orifice into the rear face of the swirl chamber with the aim of giving a significant reduction in flowrate while maintaining the droplet size. The initial work modified a commercial atomizer to add spill return. However, drop sizes were considered to be too large and a new design was constructed based on an earlier work on efficient high-pressure (up to 120 bar) swirl atomization. The resulting fine sprays can be used for various applications such as humidification, cleaning, coating, cooling, and decontamination. The atomizer has been characterized for different geometries, supply pressures, and spill-return orifice sizes using a Laser Particle Sizer and Phase Doppler Anemometry. For an exit orifice of 0.3mm diameter and spill orifice 0.5mm diameter, the drop size (Sauter mean diameter) is less than 20μm for flowrates as low as 0.1 litre/min and with a mean axial drop velocity of approximately 12 m/s. An average liquid volume flux of 0.014 (cm3/s)/cm2 is obtained in the spray at 150mmdownstream.

    Item Type: Article
    Themes: Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Materials & Physics Research Centre
    Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
    Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing / Sage
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 0954-4062
    Depositing User: Users 29196 not found.
    Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2012 15:22
    Last Modified: 24 Jul 2014 14:00
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/21100

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