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The evolution of trilingual code-switching from infancy to school age: the shaping of trilingual competence through dynamic language dominance

Hoffmann, C and Stavans, A 2007, 'The evolution of trilingual code-switching from infancy to school age: the shaping of trilingual competence through dynamic language dominance' , International Journal of Bilingualism, 11 (1) , pp. 55-72.

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Abstract

This article reports on a study of the code-switches produced by two children who acquired their three languages in early childhood. We compared formal and functional aspects of their switches recorded at two different stages of their development. Of particular interest was the consideration of sociolinguistic variables that have intervened in the children’s environment. We undertook a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the children’s code-switches to ascertain the frequency of switching, the use of each of the three languages employed for switching and the linguistic complexity of the switches. We assumed that the sociolinguistic conditions that changed the linguistic landscape in which these children operated would be reflected not only in the development of each of their languages, but also in the kind of switches that they produced. We tried to establish whether it is the case that certain forms and functions of code-switches constitute a "core" of trilingual language behaviour while others are prone to change. Ultimately, our aim was to gain an insight into the specific trilingual language production processes over a given period of time that can shed light on the development and nature of trilingual competence.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in International Journal of Bilingualism, 11 (1), 2007 by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. © C. Hoffmann.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Code-switching, trilingual competence, trilingualism
Themes: Subjects / Themes > P Language and Literature > PB Modern languages. Celtic languages
Subjects / Themes > P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Memory, Text and Place
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Bilingualism
Publisher: Kingston Press Ltd
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 13670069
Depositing User: Institutional Repository
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2009 13:55
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 15:58
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/2217

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