Skip to the content

The evolution of trilingual code-switching from infancy to school age: the shaping of trilingual competence through dynamic language dominance

Hoffmann, C and Stavans, A 2007, 'The evolution of trilingual code-switching from infancy to school age: the shaping of trilingual competence through dynamic language dominance' , International Journal of Bilingualism, 11 (1) , pp. 55-72.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Pre-print)
Download (242kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    This article reports on a study of the code-switches produced by two children who acquired their three languages in early childhood. We compared formal and functional aspects of their switches recorded at two different stages of their development. Of particular interest was the consideration of sociolinguistic variables that have intervened in the children’s environment. We undertook a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the children’s code-switches to ascertain the frequency of switching, the use of each of the three languages employed for switching and the linguistic complexity of the switches. We assumed that the sociolinguistic conditions that changed the linguistic landscape in which these children operated would be reflected not only in the development of each of their languages, but also in the kind of switches that they produced. We tried to establish whether it is the case that certain forms and functions of code-switches constitute a "core" of trilingual language behaviour while others are prone to change. Ultimately, our aim was to gain an insight into the specific trilingual language production processes over a given period of time that can shed light on the development and nature of trilingual competence.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in International Journal of Bilingualism, 11 (1), 2007 by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. © C. Hoffmann.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Code-switching, trilingual competence, trilingualism
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > P Language and Literature > PB Modern languages. Celtic languages
    Subjects / Themes > P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
    Memory, Text and Place
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
    Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Bilingualism
    Publisher: Kingston Press Ltd
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 13670069
    Depositing User: Institutional Repository
    Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2009 14:55
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:58
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/2217

    Actions (login required)

    Edit record (repository staff only)

    Downloads per month over past year

    View more statistics