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Blended learning: what’s in the blend?

Procter, C.T. and Heinze, A 2012, Blended learning: what’s in the blend? , in: Association of Business Schools National conference 2012, 24-25 April 2012, Manchester.

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      Abstract

      The adoption of the internet into education has led to a proliferation of use of the term “Blended Learning” as indicated by over 185k scholarly articles as reported by Google Scholar.. Not surprisingly, due to the relative novelty of the term there is a misunderstanding between the scholars and practitioners when it comes to blended learning theory and its practice. Pedagogical analyses of the definition of Blended Learning have been attempted but have been inconclusive, which is not only a theoretical problem but a practical one as well (Sharpe, et. al., 2006).The default assumption is still that Blended Learning essentially means the delivery of education by the combination of the internet and face-to-face teaching. Two key issues arise from this. The first, as eloquently discussed by Oliver and Trigwell (2005), is why a type of learning is defined by a technique of teaching. The use of the word ‘delivery’ implies that Blended Learning is simply the introduction of a new tool into a standard didactic process. When a teacher stands up in a classroom and explains a topic to a group of students followed by some discussion, this is widely recognised as a well established technique of teaching. Strangely, if the teacher additionally provides material and facilitates discussion through the internet, the combination is often referred to as blended learning. The second issue, which we explore in field work described in this paper, is that there are more than two elements to the blend. Whether we take the perspective of either the teacher or the learner, independent learning may be far more important than classroom or web based teaching. Typically the ‘delivery’ of teaching, whether online or offline, is a small proportion of the total learning time of a given module. Self study is in fact an essential prerequisite to learning (Heinze and Procter 2010). It follows that any definition of a type of learning must include the role of self study. The absence of this from definitions of Blended Learning can imply a lack of significance being attached to how the learner engages with modern forms of teaching, and potentially set back advances in the application of pedagogy. The evolution of these issues in the literature will be discussed in this paper.

      Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
      Themes: Media, Digital Technology and the Creative Economy
      Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Business & Law > Salford Business School > Centre for Digital Business
      Refereed: Yes
      Depositing User: Chris Procter
      Date Deposited: 14 May 2012 10:53
      Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 18:27
      URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/22687

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