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Instabilities and Helmholtz vector solitons in nonlinearly-coupled optical systems

Bostock, C, Christian, JM and McDonald, GS 2012, Instabilities and Helmholtz vector solitons in nonlinearly-coupled optical systems , in: Second Annual Student Conference on Complexity Science (SCCS 2012), 9th – 12th August 2012, University of Gloucestershire, UK.

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    The propagation of, and interaction between, multiple waves is a fundamental problem in physical science. The interplay between linear and nonlinear processes – such as diffraction (wave spreading) and self-/cross-phase modulation (wave compressing), respectively – can often lead to interesting and potentially exploitable phenomena. For instance, localized excitations that overlap in space may lock together to form a multi-component bound state that evolves with a stationary (unchanging) wave profile: a vector soliton. Vector solitons are ubiquitous in photonics. In both nonlinear-pulse and nonlinear-beam contexts (here, we focus on the latter), they are routinely described by a pair of simplified coupled equations which, while straightforward to handle mathematically, lack the capability of describing a range of physically relevant effects [R. De La Fuente and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Commun. vol. 88, 547 (1992)]. One such effect that particularly interests our group is oblique propagation (waves travelling off-axis at arbitrary angles with respect to the reference direction). We will present the first complete account of off-axis effects in a much more general two-component nonlinear optical system. New qualitative regimes of stability, that are absent from the classic (but restrictive) plane-wave analyses of other authors [G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B vol. 6, 1072 (1990)], have been uncovered as a function of the wave-coupling strength. These predictions have profound implications for the propagation properties of vector solitons. We will also detail four novel families of exact analytical vector solitons. Robustness against perturbations to the local beam shape is tested by fully-nonlinear (i.e., numerical) computations.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Themes: Media, Digital Technology and the Creative Economy
    Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Materials & Physics Research Centre
    Publisher: Bristol Centre for Complexity Sciences
    Refereed: Yes
    Depositing User: JM Christian
    Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2012 10:09
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 18:29

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