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Helmholtz spatial solitons and oblique propagation in coupled-waveguide arrays

Christian, JM, McCoy, EA, McDonald, GS, Sanchez-Curto, J and Chamorro-Posada, P 2012, Helmholtz spatial solitons and oblique propagation in coupled-waveguide arrays , in: National Photonics Conference, Photon12, 3rd – 6th September 2012, University of Durham, UK.

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    Abstract

    The interaction between light waves and layered host media is a fundamental class of problem in nonlinear photonics. For example, the interest may lie with studying the behaviour of a spatial optical soliton: (i) at the planar boundary between otherwise homogeneous materials [Aceves et al., Phys. Rev. A 39, 1809 (1989)], or (ii) coupling from a homogeneous medium into a waveguide array (an optical structure with periodic refractive-index modulations). In the latter case, one typically considers head-on or side-coupling geometries [Mandelik et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093904 (2004)]. Oblique (off-axis) propagation effects play a central role in essentially all photonic device architectures, and they lie at the heart of interface and coupled-waveguide contexts (where, in the laboratory frame, light may encounter an optical boundary at any angle). Previously, Helmholtz soliton theory has provided an ideal mathematical platform for fully capturing the angular degrees-of-freedom associated with single-interface problems [Sánchez-Curto et al., Opt. Lett. 32, 1127 (2007); 35, 1347 (2010)]. We will present an overview of what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first nonparaxial model capable of describing arbitrary-angle evolution in coupled-waveguide arrays. Paraxial theory, with its small-angle limitations, cannot facilitate such general analyses. The governing envelope equation is of the scalar Helmholtz type with a Kerr nonlinearity, and exact spatial solitons [Chamorro-Posada et al., J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1111 (1998)] have been used as basis functions. Extensive computations have predicted a wide range of new qualitative phenomena when combining structural periodicity with non-trivial beam propagation angles.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Themes: Media, Digital Technology and the Creative Economy
    Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Materials & Physics Research Centre
    Publisher: Institute of Physics
    Refereed: Yes
    Depositing User: JM Christian
    Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2012 11:24
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 18:29
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/23005

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