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Helmholtz spatial solitons: towards a theory of ultranarrow optical beams

Walsh, TM, McDonald, GS and Christian, JM 2012, Helmholtz spatial solitons: towards a theory of ultranarrow optical beams , in: College of Science and Technology Research Showcase Day, 20th June 2012, University of Salford, Greater Manchester, UK.

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    Abstract

    Spatial optical solitons are self-localizing and self-stabilizing beams of light that propagate with a stationary (invariant) intensity profile. Such nonlinear wave states may arise when a beam's natural tendency to diffract is exactly compensated by local refractive-index changes that are written into the host medium by the beam itself. The standard theory of 'broad' spatial solitons is based upon a Schrödinger-type picture, with all its advantages and disadvantages [2]. Our Group has refined this approach, lifting some key (e.g., angular) limitations of conventional models by retaining more natural Helmholtz-type governing equations [2]. However, there is a clear need to understand how beams behave when the envelope waist becomes 'narrow' on the wavelength scale; such considerations are important in the progressive miniaturization of optical devices. Various authors throughout the world have considered this class of problem, but their approaches are often restricted in some quite subtle ways. We have recently taken steps toward constructing the first Helmholtz-based theory for ultranarrow beams by deploying an order-of-magnitude analysis of nonlinear vector Maxwell's equations. This approach appears to be fully-consistent with Helmholtz broad-beam theory [2], and lacks the unphysical features that can creep into other ultranarrow-beam models. Semi-analytical bright and dark solitons have already been derived, leading to some surprising conclusions. References: [1] Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Quant. Electron. 30, 571 (1998); Y. S. Kivshar and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rep. 298, 81 (1998). [2] P. Chamorro-Posada, G. S. McDonald, and G. H. C. New, J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1111 (1998).

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
    Themes: Media, Digital Technology and the Creative Economy
    Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Materials & Physics Research Centre
    Publisher: University of Salford
    Refereed: Yes
    Depositing User: JM Christian
    Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012 16:18
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 18:29
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/23018

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