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Recreating the sound of stonehenge

Fazenda, BM and Drumm, I 2013, 'Recreating the sound of stonehenge' , Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 99 (1) , pp. 110-117.

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Abstract

Stonehenge is the largest and most complex ancient stone circle known to mankind. In its original form, the concentric shape of stone rings would have surrounded an individual, both visually and aurally. It is an outdoor space and most archaeological evidence suggests it did not have a roof. However, its large, semi-enclosed structure, with many reflecting surfaces, would have reflected and diffracted sound within the space creating an unusual acoustic field for the Neolithic Man. The work presented here reports the reconstruction of the acoustic sound field of Stonehenge based on measurements taken at a full size replica in Maryhill, USA. Acoustic measurements were carried out using state-of-the-art techniques and the response collected in both mono and B-Format at various source-receiver positions within the space. A brief overview of Energy Time Curves and Reverberation Time together with a comparison to a recent measurement in the current Stonehenge site is provided. The auralisation process presented uses a hybrid Ambisonic and Wave Field Synthesis (WFS) system. In the electro-acoustic rendering system, sound sources are created as focussed sources using Wave Field Synthesis whilst their reverberant counterpart is rendered using Ambisonic principles. Using this novel approach, a realistic acoustic sound field, as it is believed to have existed in the original Stonehenge monument, can be experienced by listeners. The approach presented, not only provides a valuable insight into the acoustic response of an important archaeological site but also demonstrates the development of a useful tool in the archaeological interpretation of important buildings and heritage sites.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Memory, Text and Place
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Acoustics Research Centre
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Acustica united with Acustica
Publisher: S. Hirzel Verlag
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1610-1928
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: BM Fazenda
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2012 08:29
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2014 12:44
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/23029

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