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Building assessment during disaster response and recovery

Peña-Mora, F, Aziz, ZUH, Chen, A, Plans, A and Foltz, S 2008, 'Building assessment during disaster response and recovery' , Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 161 (4) , pp. 183-195.

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Abstract

During disaster response and recovery operations, civil engineers can be assigned a multitude of tasks including triage of building search priorities, identifi cation and evaluation of structural hazards, as well as the development of appropriate structural hazard mitigation techniques and monitoring of hazards, while coordinating and reporting this information to the incident command centre (ICC). This paper reviews the role of civil engineers in disaster response with a focus on existing building assessment and marking systems and highlights various limitations of existing approaches. A mobile information technology (IT)-based collaborative framework is discussed to facilitate a coordinated disaster response and recovery operation. It enables engineers to assess building damage better and to make this information available to personnel more quickly and easily within the disaster area and thereby improve disaster response. The deployed architecture is composed of various components including radio frequency identifi cation (RFID)-based structural assessment, a field engineer’s mobility and information support platform and geographic information systems (GIS)-based resource optimisation. Deployed infrastructure enables the on-site and on-demand information provisioning, data processing and computational support required by engineers in the aftermath of a disaster.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment
Schools > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Built Environment Sustainability and Transformation (BEST)
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers
Publisher: ICE
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1755-0793
Related URLs:
Funders: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Depositing User: ZUH Aziz
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2013 16:56
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2015 01:14
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/23102

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