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Ecological epidemiology: the role of landscape structure in the transmission risk of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis (Leukart 1863) (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea : Taeniidae)

Graham, AJ, Danson, FM and Craig, PS 2005, 'Ecological epidemiology: the role of landscape structure in the transmission risk of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis (Leukart 1863) (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea : Taeniidae)' , Progress in Physical Geography, 29 (1) , pp. 77-91.

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Abstract

The larval form of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis causes a fatal liver infection in humans and has high prevalence in western China. The tapeworm lifecycle involves small mammal populations and canids, such as foxes and dogs. Human contact with infected canids may lead to the transmission of the worm to humans, causing the disease human alveolar echinococcosis. This paper introduces the tapeworm and reviews the current understanding of its transmission ecology in relation to each component of its lifecycle. Recent research indicates that landscape plays an important role in creating the necessary habitat conditions for natural transmission. Defining the landscape involves the use of satellite imagery, land cover classification and spatial analysis. The link between disease, remote sensing and landscape ecology is an expanding research area and potentially an important one in relation to Echinococcus multilocularis and alveolar echinococcosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Echinococcus multilocularis • landscape ecology • spatial analysis
Themes: Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > RB Pathology
Subjects / Themes > G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Health and Wellbeing
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Progress in Physical Geography
Publisher: Arnold Publishers
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0309-1333
Depositing User: FM Danson
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2009 11:00
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:01
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/2516

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