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Transatlantic influences in periodical editing: from Francis Jeffrey’s Edinburgh Review to Horace Greeley’s New-York Tribune

Oliver, S 2005, 'Transatlantic influences in periodical editing: from Francis Jeffrey’s Edinburgh Review to Horace Greeley’s New-York Tribune' , Symbiosis, 9 (1) , pp. 45-62.

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    In the 2 April 1836 number of the New-Yorker the editor Horace Greeley, who was just 25 years old and in the early stages of his career, remarked on the relevance of British Periodicals to the North American public. He singled out the Edinburgh Review for particular tribute: ‘We believe the general opinions and spirit of “the Edinburgh” are more consonant with the feelings and tastes of the educated classes of this country than those of either of its rival Quarterlies.’ 1 There are some key words in that brief declaration. Greeley’s concern with ‘opinions,’ ‘spirit’ and ‘taste,’ and the pointed emphasis he places on their location within the nation’s ‘educated classes,’ suggests an area of common ground between him and the editors of the Edinburgh, though his publications were of a very different format and style. Looking back over thirty-four years of the Edinburgh,and forwards to an American age of journal publication and literary growth, Greeley was poised at a turning point in which the transatlantic tables of influence were about to be dramatically revised. This article cannot account for of all of the British and North American periodicals that were significant to transatlantic relations during the first half of the nineteenth century. Rather I highlight some crucial networks of reciprocity and exchange. We can then begin to see a clearer picture of how a distinctive, American journal tradition emerged out of the influence of the British periodicals, and especially from those based in Edinburgh or with mainly Scottish contributors. Lastly, I emphasise the manner in which stylistic and critical methodologies formed a literary bridge across the ‘Great Divide’ of the Atlantic Ocean, forming a highway of connections.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Transatlantic studies; reviewers; periodicals; Language and Literature; Federalism; Scottish Enlightenment; American Register; Analectic Magazine; Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine; Boston Quarterly Review; Brownson’s Quarterly Review; Burton’s Gentleman’s Magazine; Dial; Edinburgh Review; Knickerbocker Magazine; The Literary and Scientific Repository, and Critical Review; Log Cabin; London Monthly Magazine; New-Yorker; New-York Tribune; National Gazette; North American Review; Port Folio; Quarterly Review; Southern Literary Messenger; The Spy; The Western Messenger; Joel Barlow; Nicholas Biddle; Charles Brockden Brown; Robert Burns; Edward Channing; Benjamin Coles; James Fenimore Cooper; Joseph Dennie; Margaret Fuller; William Gifford; Horace Greeley; Washington Irving; Francis Jeffrey; John Murray; John Neal; Edgar Allan Poe; Allan Ramsay; Walter Scott; Sydney Smith; Jared Sparks; Robert Walsh; Noah Webster; James Wilkinson.
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > P Language and Literature > PN Literature (General)
    Subjects / Themes > E History America > E151 United States (General)
    Subjects / Themes > P Language and Literature > PR English literature
    Subjects / Themes > P Language and Literature > PS American literature
    Subjects / Themes > D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
    Memory, Text and Place
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
    Journal or Publication Title: Symbiosis
    Publisher: Symbiosis
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 1362-7902
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: S Oliver
    Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2009 10:00
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:01

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