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Blood glucose level prediction for diabetic patients using intelligent techniques

Eskaf, K 2011, Blood glucose level prediction for diabetic patients using intelligent techniques , PhD thesis, Salford : University of Salford.

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    Abstract

    Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases. The number of cases of diabetes in the world is likely to increase more than two fold in the next 30 years; from 115 million in 2000 to 284 million in 2030. This work is concerned with helping diabetic patients to manage themselves by trying to predict their blood glucose level (BGL) after 30 minutes on the basis of the current levels in order that they can administer insulin. This will enable the diabetic patient to continue living a normal day life activities as much as is possible. In order to achieve this objective, three techniques were developed and evaluated: a Numerical Analysis algorithm, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN), and a Genetic Algorithm (GA). In the case of the ANN and the GA, the variation in Blood Glucose Levels was modelled as a Mass Spring Damper, treating the food intake as a bolus injection of glucose, and thus the impulse force F (f), and the effects of exercise and hypoglycaemic medication were represented by the damping factor, p. The values of F, f$ and the differences in BGL every 5 minutes were used as knowledge features in the training and prediction phases for the ANN and GA. Data was derived for a virtual diabetic patient from a web-based educational simulation package for glucose-insulin levels in human body using the AIDA software. The Dexcom SEVEN System was used to capture the BGLs of two diabetic patients and a normal person for 24 hours with a sampling frequency of 5 minutes. The two databases were used in all prediction algorithms. Newton's Interpolatory Divided Difference (Numerical Analysis) algorithm was used to predict the future BGLs and found to be able to predict the level after 5 minutes from the current value of BGL with a RMSE less than 0.5 mmol/1. Unfortunately, the RMSE increased above 2.5 mmol/1 when trying to predict 15 or 20 minutes ahead. The ANN using Feed Forward Back Propagation was able to predict the BGL after 30 minutes with a RMSE between 0.49 mmol/1 to 1.8 mmol/1, while the GA was found to predict the BGL 30minutes ahead with a RMSE between 0.15 mmol/1 to 0.42 mmol/1. It is concluded that the GA provided the best technique for prediction in this application.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Contributors: Ritchings, T(Supervisor) and Badawy, O
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
    Depositing User: Institutional Repository
    Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 14:34
    Last Modified: 18 Feb 2014 13:19
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/26665

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