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Contextualising the participatory role of BMEs in community regeneration: A requirements and challenge approach

Ijasan, K 2011, Contextualising the participatory role of BMEs in community regeneration: A requirements and challenge approach , PhD thesis, Salford : University of Salford.

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    Abstract

    The importance of engaging members of minority communities in the process of community regeneration has been the focus of many governments in the UK. The benefit of doing this has also been well stressed and documented among politicians and members of the academia. In spite of this, Black and Minority Ethnic BME group members who make about 12% of the total population of UK usually settled in deprived inner city locations. They are also still not optimally engaged in regeneration activities in the communities where they reside in spite of all efforts. This poses such problems as services not being sensitive to their needs, loss of sense of belonging and also social exclusion. These problems form the underlying principles upon which this research is based. In the light of the current challenge of lack of participation of the BMEs, this research embarks on a mission to address the situation by proposing a framework which can serve as achievable guideline for organisations saddled with the responsibility of community regeneration. In order to achieve this, this research project reviewed extant literature on what community and regeneration means, and what participation means for BMEs. It also reviewed what being a BME means, what the community regeneration needs of BMEs are and what the barriers preventing BMEs from participation are. Upon completion of the literature review, key findings were highlighted. These findings informed the choice of the use of both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies in gathering data. As a result of the literature review and data gathering and analysis, this research has Developed an understanding of the process of community regeneration, the importance of community engagement, the relevance of partnerships and the current place of BMEs as participants in this process Categorised the various reasons and barriers mitigating against BMEs in the process of participation in community regeneration Highlighted the housing and community needs of the BMEs Suggested solutions to this challenge of lack of BME participation and engagement in the process of community regeneration as it emerged from interviews and questionnaires Proposed a framework for the enhancement of BME participation based on the barriers facing BMEs as well as their housing and community needs It is expected that the developed framework will assist government agencies and community groups embarking on community regeneration schemes within a community with sizeable BME representation to optimally engage with the local BME residents by adequately analysing the people, understanding their local needs, timing the consultation and gaining trust, using the list of good practices and recommendation highlighted. Some of the main findings of the research are that being a BME in itself is not a function of skin colour but a combination of some probable social exclusion and deprivation that might be suffered as a result of this. The research also realised that although there is no clear cut definition for what constitutes 'participation' in regeneration. The challenge with BMEs is not lack of participation as widely believed, on the contrary, BMEs want to participate but they have a preference for community groups when it comes to participation. The research concluded among other things that BMEs have some characteristic needs in regeneration and that the factors preventing BMEs from participating in regeneration can be categorised into three i.e. personal barrier, joint barriers and institutional barriers.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Contributors: Ahmed, A(Supervisor)
    Additional Information:
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
    Depositing User: Institutional Repository
    Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 14:34
    Last Modified: 18 Feb 2014 13:46
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/26724

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