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The development of the Republic of Korea navy in a changing national defence and NorthEast Asian security environment

Park, S 2009, The development of the Republic of Korea navy in a changing national defence and NorthEast Asian security environment , PhD thesis, Salford : University of Salford.

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    Abstract

    As a medium maritime state, the Republic of Korea has great interests in the sea; maritime security is important to its prosperity and national security. In spite of this it has traditionally been given the lowest priority in ROKN's national defence policy. The ROK initiated a new 'Cooperative Self-Reliant Defence Policy' in the mid 2000s. Defence Reform Plan 2020 was executed in order to transform the existing unbalanced defence structure of the ROK, that has emphasised quantity of forces, into a more balanced one emphasising quality. Subsequent political change in the ROK has casted doubts over the implementation of this policy. In Northeast Asia, unsettled strategic tensions between regional nations and military build-ups based on economic growth and evolving nationalism have meant that the stability of the region has remained uncertain and fluctuating. Northeast Asia has highly maritime-environmental characteristics. There are various on-going maritime security issues, such as maritime territorial and boundary sovereignty disputes, naval arms dynamic and SLOC security. There are also recently emerging issues, such as piracy, illegal maritime activities and terrorism. Consequently, the maritime security environment of the region is dynamic and unstable. In response to diverse challenges in the new security and strategic circumstances, the ROKN established a 'blue-water navy' policy in the mid 1990s. Since the mid 2000s, the DRP has imposed the new development impetus on this ocean-going naval policy. The future development of the ROKN should emphasise: effective response to state and non-state threats; the constructive development of the ROK-U.S. alliance; the possibility of a role as a regional strategic naval balancer; its role in the strategic situation in the post-unification era of Korea; and, finally, an expanded international contribution to improving the regional maritime security environment.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Contributors: Grove, EJ(Supervisor)
    Additional Information:
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
    Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences
    Depositing User: Institutional Repository
    Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 14:34
    Last Modified: 17 Feb 2014 10:29
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/26854

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