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Development of traffic micro-simulation for on-street parking facilities

Purnawan, P 2005, Development of traffic micro-simulation for on-street parking facilities , PhD thesis, Salford : University of Salford.

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    Abstract

    Observations at several on-street parking areas showed that parking and imparking processes could produce severe traffic interruptions if parking locations were not designed properly. This study is aimed to develop an on-street parking simulation model to investigate traffic performances adjacent to on-street parking areas during parking operations. A microscopic simulation model has been developed to investigate those cases. The model was used to represent parking and imparking behaviours and its interactions with adjacent traffic. Four types of on-street parking layouts were included i.e. parallel with marking, parallel with no marking, angle 45° and angle 90°. Site surveys have been conducted using video camcorder within the Greater Manchester area for model development, as well as for calibration and validation. Data extractions were carried out using video playbacks with personal computer. The simulation model was developed mainly based on car-following rules, gap acceptance rules and parking and unparking behaviour. Verification, calibration and validation of the simulation model have been conducted. The capability of simulation model to produce free flow and congested traffic has been examined. Parking and unparking operation have also been verified. Spot speed distributions have been used to calibrate and validate the parameters of vehicle movements and the effects of parking and unparking interactions. It can be concluded that the simulation model could mimic parking and unparking operations. For a case study of on- street parking simulations, four schemes of on-street parking designs and behaviours have been simulated sneli as (lie effects of parking stall geometric designs, different parking durations, different parking manoeuvres with different parking durations, and development of parking prohibition criteria. In general, it was shown that on-street parking operations would affect severely adjacent traffic flow when the level of traffic volume was high. The traffic How at upstream of parking areas will be more congested than at downstream.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Contributors: Yousif, S(Supervisor)
    Additional Information:
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
    Depositing User: Institutional Repository
    Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 14:34
    Last Modified: 19 Feb 2014 12:20
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/26867

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