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A multidisciplinary understanding of news: Comparing elite press framing of 9/11 in the US, Italy, France and Pakistan

Archetti, C 2007, 'A multidisciplinary understanding of news: Comparing elite press framing of 9/11 in the US, Italy, France and Pakistan' , Journal of International Communication, 13 (1) , pp. 86-118.

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Abstract

Political Communications, International Communications, News Sociology, all claim to offer an explanation for what shapes the news, but provide extremely different, if not contradictory suggestions. Political communications almost takes for granted the fact that official actors have a major role in shaping news stories at the national level. International Communications points at several possibilities: structural economic imbalances lead to unidirectional news flows from rich countries towards poor countries; globalization causes news to become homogenised on a worldwide scale; news is geared to the tastes of local audiences by national news producers. News sociology, instead, argues that the news product of each media organization is the unique output of patterns of social interactions among media professionals. An international comparative study of the elite press framing of 9/11 in the US, Italy, France, and Pakistan reveals the limits of these approaches: none of them alone is able to explain the patterns of news contents that were detected in the empirical investigation.The analysis suggests that the content of press coverage in the newspapers under analysis is more effectively explained in terms of selection of newsworthy sources, guided by national interest, journalistic culture, and editorial policy. The study points to the benefit of adopting international comparative research designs and fundamentally argues that, if we want to explain news in the information age, we need to approach its study in a multidisciplinary perspective.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects / Themes > J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Subjects / Themes > J Political Science > JZ International relations
Subjects / Themes > N Fine Arts > NE Print media
Subjects / Themes > H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Arts & Media > Communication, Cultural & Media Studies Research Centre
Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences
Colleges and Schools > College of Arts & Social Sciences > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of International Communication
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1321-6597
Depositing User: C Archetti
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2010 10:11
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:02
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/2732

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