Skip to the content

The creation of FRONTEX and the politics of institutionalisation in the EU external borders policy

Leonard, S 2009, 'The creation of FRONTEX and the politics of institutionalisation in the EU external borders policy' , Journal of Contemporary European Research, 5 (3) , pp. 371-388.

PDF - Published Version
Download (132kB) | Preview


In a context of high politicization, if not securitization, of asylum and migration in Europe, the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the EU – also known under its acronym FRONTEX – was created in 2004. Its activities have drawn a significant amount of attention and have been heavily criticised by human rights and pro-migrant groups. In contrast with most of the literature on FRONTEX, which focuses on its activities, this article examines the institutional issues associated with the creation and the work of FRONTEX, that is, the reasons for which Member States chose to create an agency, rather than establish another form of cooperation, and the specific mechanisms that they have put in place to exercise control over the activities of the Agency. The article, which is theoretically informed by the literature on European agencies, unveils a complex institutionalisation process, characterised by the existence of various models for increased cooperation and political struggles amongst the actors involved in the policy-making process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: FRONTEX, European agency, EU asylum and migration policy, borders, irregular migration
Themes: Subjects / Themes > J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences > Centre for European Security
Schools > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Contemporary European Research
Publisher: University Association of Contemporary European Studies
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1815-347X
Related URLs:
Depositing User: SL Leonard
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2010 15:45
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:37

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)


Downloads per month over past year