Skip to the content

Coordination and management of information for construction design projects - a framework for Portugal

Biscaya, SVN 2012, Coordination and management of information for construction design projects - a framework for Portugal , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

PDF (Accepted version edited- copyright restricted) - Accepted Version
Download (4MB) | Preview
[img] PDF
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy


In the construction industry in Portugal, the coordination and management of information for construction design projects has been neglected. The use of classification systems and protocols for the communication of information amongst the different stakeholders is poor and inefficient. This research aims to explore the viability of developing a systematic approach to the coordination of information amongst the multiple project stakeholders in the Portuguese Construction Industry. Bearing this in mind, the core research question of this doctoral thesis is: What sort of framework and guidelines are needed for the successful implementation of a classification information system for construction project design data in Portugal, which is accessible to all stakeholders involved? A mixed methods approach was developed for this purpose, with emphasis given to qualitative research techniques. Methods used comprised: literature review, quantitative survey, semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. Whereas quantitative research methods contributed to a more rigorous interpretation process, qualitative research methods offered a solid description of the former. This methodology was used in order to establish and design a conceptual classification framework model for information coordination and management throughout the design project and construction in Portugal. First, constraints and enablers to framework development and implementation were identified at all levels: political, cultural and behaviour, legal, technical and educational, economic and financial, and organizational issues. Three overarching issues were also identified: corruption, lack of accountability and non-compliance timelines/deadlines. Then, a conceptual framework was developed, detailing 1) content, 2) characteristics of an environment conductive to a successful development, implementation and use of the framework, and 3) guidelines to its dissemination.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Aouad, G (Supervisor)
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Schools > School of the Built Environment
Schools > No Research Centre
Schools > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Built Environment Sustainability and Transformation (BEST)
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: SVN Biscaya
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2013 12:07
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:55
References: ACBINZ, Association for Co-ordinated Building Information in New Zealand in association with CIL, Construction Information Limited (1997), Co-ordinated Building Information in New Zealand, CBI , The classification system for the New Zealand construction industry, New Zealand, [Online], Available: [Accessed in 2005-06-21] Ackroyd, S. and Hughes, J. A.,(1992), Data Collection in Context. 2sd ed.London and New York: Longman AEC (UK) CAD & BIM Standards Site, A unified standard for the Architectural, Engineering and Construction industry in the UK (2009), AEC (UK) BIM Standard- A practical & pragmatic BIM standard for the Architectural, Engineering and Construction industry in the UK. Version 1.0, [Online], Available: Alvesson, Mats (2003). “Beyond neopositivists, romantics and localists: a reflexive approach to interviews in organizational research”. Academy of Management Review, vol. 28(1), pp. 13-33. Amor, R., Jain, S. and Augenbroe, G. (2004), Online Product Libraries: The State-of-the-art, Building for the Future: The 16th CIB World Building Congress 2004 Amorim, S. R., Peixoto, L., Madeira, L.C.M., Nunes, R., (2002), Establishing the basis for systems interoperability: the terminology challenge, International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction, CIB w78 conference 2002, Aarhus School of Architecture, 12 – 14 June 2002 Amorim, S. R. and Cheriaf, M., (2007), Sistema de Indexação e recuperação de informação em construção baseado em ontologia, III Encontro Tecnologia da Informação e Comunicação na Construção Civil - TIC2007, Porto Alegre, Brasil. Atkinson R.L., Atkinson R.C., Smith E.E., Bem D.J. & Hilgard E.R. (1990) Introduction to Psychology. 10th ed.Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Orlando. AVANTI (2003), Welcome to the Avanti Programme, ICT- Enable collaborative working, [Online], Available: [Accessed 11-08-2006] AVANTI (2003), Welcome to the Avanti programme, Programme summary, The Avanti Programme, ICT – enable collaborative working, UK., [Online], Available: [Accessed 11-08-2006] AVANTI (2004), Summary of existing research type and standards relevant to ICT-enable collaborative working, The Avanti Programme, ICT - enable collaborative working, UK, [Online], Available: [Accessed 20-09-2006] AVANTI (2005a), Design Management Principles, Avanti toolkit 1version 1, The Avanti Programme, ICT - enable collaborative working, UK, [Online], Available: [Accessed 21-11-2005] AVANTI (2005b), Latest Project Information from the Avanti Programme, Avanti Programme, ICT - enable collaborative working, UK., [Online], Available: [Accessed 21-11-2005] AVANTI (2005c), Object Modelling Guide, Avanti toolkit 3 version 1, The Avanti Programme, ICT - enable collaborative working, UK. [Online], Available: [Accessed 30-11-2005] AVANTI (2005d), Project Information Management a Standard Method & Procedure Avanti toolkit 2 version 1, The Avanti Programme, ICT - enable collaborative working, UK, [Online], Available: http.// [Accessed 28-09-2006] Azhar, Salman, Michael Hein, and Blake Sketo, (2008). Building Information Modeling (BIM): Benefits, Risks and Challenges. ASC BIM Benefits. Auburn University: McWhorter School of Building Science, 2008. Bacharach, Samuel B. (1989), Organizational Theories: Some Criteria for Evaluation. Academy of Management Review, 14, 496-515. Bayley, K. (1994), Typologies and taxonomies: an introduction to classification techniques. Califórnia: Sage BARBi. Bygg og AnleggsReferanseBibliotek. (1999). Norges Byggstandarderiseringsrad. Bickman, L., Rog, D.J. & Hedrick, T.E., (1998), "Applied Research Design: A Practical Approach", in L. Biclunan & D.J. Rog Eds.), Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods. 5-37, Sage: Thousand Oaks, California Bell, Havard, 2004, Norwegian Building Research Institute, ICT-Platform for Object Oriented Knowledge in the Building and Construction Industry, B4E Conference “Building for a European Future” Blaiki, Norman. (2007). Approaches to Social Inquiry: Advancing Knowledge, 2nd edit. Cambridge, UK, Polity Press) Boddy, S., Rezgui, Y., Cooper, G., Wetherill, M. (2007), Computer integrated construction: A review and proposals for future direction, Journal of Advances in Engineering Software 38 (2007) 677–687, [Online], Available: http://www. Boyce, C. and Neale, P. (2006). Conducting In-Depth Interview: a guide for designing and conducting In-Depth Interviews for evaluation input. Pathfinder International Tool Series, monitoring and evaluation – 2. USA. [Online], Available: Brannen, Julia (1992) (Ed.). Mixing methods: qualitative and quantitative approaches. Aldershot: Avebury. Bryman, Allen (1988). Quantity and quality in social research. London, New York: Routledge. BSI, British Standards Institute, (1998), BS 1192-5:1998, Construction drawing practice, Guide for the structuring and exchange of CAD data, British Standards Institute, UK BSI, British Standards Institute (2007), BS 1192:2007 Collaborative Production of Architectural, Engineering and construction information- Code of practice, British Standards Institute, UK BSI, British Standards Institute, (2001), BS ISO 12006-2:2001, Building Construction - Organization of Information about construction works - Part 2: Framework for classification of information, British Standards Institute, UK BSI, British Standards Institute (2008), BS ISO 22263:2008, Organization of information about construction works – Framework for management of project information, British Standards Institute, UK Building 90 Group and The Finnish Building Centre Ltd. (1999), Building 90, The Finnish building classification system, ISBN 951-682-580-X, Publisher: The Finnish Building Centre Limited, Helsinki (Rakennustieto Oy, Helsinki) Burgess, R. (1993) In the Field: an Introduction to Field Research. London, Routledge. CabinetOffice (2011), Government Construction Strategy, [Online], Available: Caldas, C.H, Soibelman, L. (2003), Automating hierarchical document classification for construction management information systems, Journal of Automation in Construction 12 (2003), pp. 395– 406 CCPI, Co-ordinating Committee for Project Information, (1987a), Production of Drawings - A code of procedures for building works, UK. CCPI, Co-ordinating Committee for Project Information, (1987b), Project Specification – A code of procedure for building works, UK. Ceton, G. (2000), Background of the overall Construction Classification System (OCCS), CSI- Construction Specification Institute, [Online], pp1-5, Available: [Accessed 04-10-2006] Chadwick, B. A., Bahr, H. M. & Albrecht, S. L. (1984) Social Science Research Methods. Prentice Hall, New Jersey. Cohen, L & Manion, L. (1994) Research Methods in Education. Routledge, London. CPG Construction Product Grouping (1999), EPIC, Electronic Product Information Co-operation, Version 2.0, WTCB/CSTC (Belgium), CSTB (France), STABU (Netherlands), Svensk Byggtjanst(Sweeden), RIBA Companies Ltd.(United Kingdom), [Online], pp1-74, Available: [Accessed 20-05-2006] CPIC, Construction Project Information Committee, (1998), CAWS-Common arrangement of work sections for building works, 2nd edition, UK CPIC, Construction Project Information Committee, (2003), Production Information, a code of procedure for the construction industry, 1st edition, UK Creswell, John.W. (2003), Research design: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA CSI, Construction Specifications Institute (2004), MasterFormat 2004, CSI, Construction Specifications Institute CSI, Construction Specifications Institute, (2006), OmniClassTM, A Strategy for Classifying the Built Environment Introduction and User’s Guide, Edition 1.0, CSI, Construction Specifications Institute, [Online], pp1-28, Available: [Accessed 14-08-2006] CSINet, Construction Specifications Institute (2004), MasterFormat 2004, Numbers & Titles, [Online], Available: [Accessed 10-04-2006] CSINet, Construction Specifications Institute (2008), NCS Version 4.0- United States National CAD Standard, [Online], Available: [Accessed 22-06-2009] Delanty, G. & P.Strydom. (2003). Philosophies of Social Science: The Classic and Contemporary Readings. Open University Press. Delanty, G. (2005). Social Science: Philosophical and Methodological Foundations. Minneapolis: Open University Press. Denzin, Norman K. (1978). The research act. A theoretical introduction to sociological methods (2nd edition). New York: McGraw Hill. Dreher, Melanie (1994). Qualitative Research Methods from the Reviewer’s Perspective. In Morse, Janice, ed. Critical Issues in Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage, pp. 281-297. Easterby-Smith, M. Thorpe, R., and Lowe, A. (2002). Management Research: An Introduction, 2nd edition, SAGE publications, London. Eastman C. (1999), Building Product Models: Computer Environments Supporting Design and Construction, CRC Press, Boca Raton FL Eastman, C. (2009), Building Information Modeling: What is BIM? Digital Building Lab @Georgia Tech, [Online], Available: [Accessed 17-06-2011] Egan, J. (1998) Rethinking Construction. Report form the Construction Task Force, Department of the Environment, Transport and Regions, UK. Eisenhardt, K. M. and Graebner, M.E. (2007), Theory Building From Cases: Opportunities and Challenges, Academy of Management Journal 2007, Vol. 50, No. 1, 25–32. El-Saboni, M., Aouad, G., Sabouni, A. (2008), Electronic communication systems effects on the success of construction projects in United Arab Emirates, Journal of Advanced Engineering Informatics 23 (2009) 130–138, [Online], Available: http://www. Ekholm A. (1996). A conceptual framework for classification of construction works. Journal of Information Technology in Construction (Itcon). Vol. 1 1996. [Online], Available: [Accessed 22-12-2005] Ekholm A. (1999). Co-ordination of classifications for product modelling and established building classifica-tions. Durability of Building Materials & Components 8 , Vol. 4 Information Technology in Construction, (Lacasse M. A. and Vanier D. J. Eds.) NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada. Ekholm A. and Fridqvist S. (2000). A concept of space for building classification, product modelling and design. Journal of Automation in Construction, (9)3. Ekholm A., V. Tarandi, and O. Thåström (2000). Application of IFC in Sweden - Final report. Stockholm: AB Svensk Byggtjänst. Ekholm A. (2002). Principles for classification of properties of construction objects. Distributing Knowledge in Building - CIB W78 Conference 2002. (Agger K., Christiansson P. and Howard R. Eds) Aarhus School of Architecture, 12 – 14 June 2002. Ekholm, A. (2005), ISO 12006-2 AND IFC – PREREQUISITES FOR COORDINATION OF STANDARDS FOR CLASSIFICATION AND INTEROPERABILITY, Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon) Vol. 10, pg. 275-289, [Online], Available: [Accessed 01-04-2010] Ekholm, A. and Häggström, L. (2011), BUILDING CLASSIFICATION FOR BIM – RECONSIDERING THE FRAMEWORK, CIB 2011-W78-W102-Paper Example, [Online], Available: European Standard (2006), EN ISO 11442:2006 (Ed. 1) Technical product documentation. Document management (ISO 11442:2006), International Organization for Standardization Fellows, R. & Lui, A. (1997) Research Methods for Construction. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Fielding, Nigel G. & Fielding, Jane L. (1986). Linking data (Qualitative research methods, Vol.4.). London: Sage. Fielding, Nigel & Schreier, Margrit (2001, February). Introduction: On the Compatibility between Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods [54 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online], Available: [Accessed 05-11-2008] Flick, Uwe (1992). Triangulation revisited: strategy of validation or alternative? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 22(2), 175-197. Flick, U., (2006), An introduction to Qualitative research, 3th ed., Sage Publications Ltd, London Foucault, Michel (1966 & 1976) 2003. The Order of Things. Power/Knowledge. In G. Delanty & P. Strydom (eds) Philosophies of Social Sciences. The Classic and Contemporary Readings, Berkshire: Open University Press, pp. 342-354. Frankfort-Nachmias, C. and Nachmias, D. (1996) Research Methods in the Social Sciences (5th Ed.) London, Arnold. Froese Thomas,(1994), Information Standards in the AEC Industry, Canadian Civil Engineer Journal, Vol.11, No. 6, pp3-5, [Online], Available: [Accessed 19-04-2006] Froese, T. (1996), Models of Construction Process Information, Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 10(3), 183-193 Froese, T. (1996), STEP Data Standards And The Construction Industry, 1996 CSCE Annual Conference, Edmonton, Canada, May 29 to Jun. 1, 1996. Vol. 1, pp. 404-415. Froese, T., Yu, K. and Shahid, S. (1996). Project modeling in construction applications. Computing in Civil Engineering: Proc. of the Third Congress, ASCE, Anaheim,572-578. Gill, J. and Johnson, P. (2002) Research Methods for Managers. 2nd ed. Paul Chapman Publishing, London. Golafshani, N. (2003), The Qualitative Report Volume 8 Number 4 December 2003 597-607, [Online], Available: Guion, L. A., (2006). Conducting an In-Depth Interview. FCS6012, the Family Youth and Community Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date October 15, 2001. Revised January 2006. [Online], Available: [Accessed 11-02-2007] Grix, J. (2002), ‘Introducing Students to the Generic Terminology of Social Research’, Politics 22(3), pp. 175–186. Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 105-117). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Hague, P. (1994) Questionnaire Design. Kogan Page, London. Harriss, Chris (1998). “Why research without theory is not research”. Construction Management and Economics, vol. 16, pp. 113-116. Heron, J. (1996), Co-operative inquiry: research into the human condition, London, Sage Holzer, D., (2007), Are You Talking To Me? Why BIM Alone Is Not The Answer, [Online], Available: Hopkins, Peter E. (2007). Thinking Critically and Creatively About Focus Groups. Area 39 (4): 528-535. Howard, Rob and Andresen, Jan L. (2001), CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDING INFORMATION – EUROPEAN AND IT SYSTEMS, in ITC Digital Library of Construction Informatics, [Online], Available: - paper w78-2001-12.content Howard, R. (2002). A new Danish classification system to meet local needs and link to international& IT developments. Distributing Knowledge in Building - CIB W78 Conference 2002. (Agger K., Christiansson P. and Howard R. Eds), Aarhus School of Architecture, 12 – 14 June 2002. Howard, R., Björk, Bo-Christer, (2006), Use of standards for CAD layers in building Journal of Automation in Construction, Manuscript Number: AUTCON-D-06-00026R1, [Online], Available: Howard, R., Björk, Bo-Christer, (2008), Building information modelling – Experts’ views on standardisation and industry deployment, Journal of Advanced Engineering Informatics 22 (2008) 271–280, [

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)


Downloads per month over past year