Skip to the content

Design of measurement methodology for the evaluation of human exposure to vibration in residential environments

Sica, G, Peris, E, Woodcock, JS and Moorhouse, AT 2013, 'Design of measurement methodology for the evaluation of human exposure to vibration in residential environments' , Science of the Total Environment . (In Press)

[img] PDF (Note to users: Corrected proofs are Articles in Press that contain the authors' corrections. Final citation details, e.g., volume/issue number, publication year and page numbers, still need to be added and the text might change before final publication. ) - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Exposure-response relationships are important tools for policy makers to assess the impact of an environmental stressor on the populace. Their validity lies partly in their statistical strength which is greatly influenced by the size of the sample from which the relationship is derived. As such, the derivation of meaningful exposure-response relationships requires estimates of vibration exposure at a large number of receiver locations. In the United Kingdom a socio-vibrational survey has been conducted with the aim of deriving exposure-response relationships for annoyance due to vibration from (a) railway traffic and (b) the construction of a new light rail system. Response to vibration was measured via a questionnaire conducted face-to-face with residents in their own homes and vibration exposure was estimated using data from a novel measurement methodology. In total, 1281 questionnaires were conducted: 931 for vibration from railway traffic and 350 for vibration from construction sources. Considering the interdisciplinary nature of this work along with the volume of experimental data required, a number of significant technical and logistical challenges needed to be overcome through the planning and implementation of the fieldwork. Four of these challenges are considered in this paper: the site identification for providing a robust sample of the residents affected, the strategies used for measuring both exposure and response and the coordination between the teams carrying out the social survey and the vibration measurements.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human exposure; Annoyance; Measurement methodology; Railway vibration; Construction vibration; Exposure–response relationship
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Energy
Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Science of the Total Environment
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0048-9697
Related URLs:
Funders: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Depositing User: DC Waddington
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2013 13:22
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:54
References: ANSI S2.71-1983 (R2006). Guide to the evaluation of human exposure to vibration in buildings. American National Standards Institute; 2006. Arcos R, Romeu J, Balastegui A, Pameis T. Determination of the near field distance for point and line sources acting on the surface of an homogenous and viscoelastic half-space. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 2011;31:1072–4. Association of Noise Consultants Guidelines. Measurement and assessment of groundborne noise and vibration (ANC guidelines). 1st ed. London: Fresco; 2001. Auersch L, Said S. Attenuation of ground vibrations due to different technical sources. Earthq Eng Eng Vib 2010;9:337–44. Barkan DD. Dynamics of bases and foundations. McGraw-Hill Book Co.; 1960 Bormann P. New manual of seismological observatory practice. Practice. rev. ed. Postdam: GFZ; 2009. BS 5228-2:2009. Code of practice for noise and vibration control on construction and open sites. British Standards Institution; 2009. BS 6472-1:1992. Guide to evaluation of human response to vibration in buildings (1 Hz to 80 Hz) — part 1: vibration sources other than blasting. British Standards Institution; 1992.
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/30243

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year