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The use of sound intensity for characterisation of reflected energy in small rooms

Romero Perez, J and Fazenda, BM 2014, The use of sound intensity for characterisation of reflected energy in small rooms , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

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Abstract

The sound field in rooms of small dimensions used for music reproduction is characteristically different from that found in larger rooms for music performance such as auditoria. Key differences between small critical listening spaces and large auditoria are the vastly different ranges of energy decay, 100 ms for the former and up to 8 s for the latter, and its directional behaviour, typically non-diffuse for the former and approximating a diffuse field for the latter. Despite these substantial differences, most of the metrics developed to describe the sound field in large spaces are evoked to quantify the performance of small rooms. This project focuses on developing measurement methods to characterise temporal and spatial qualities of sound in small rooms. A number of methods based on currently available acoustic probes have been developed. The implementation requisites and accuracy for each method has been quantified. Factors such as direction, time of arrival and strength of reflections have been extracted using signal analysis techniques based on the active instantaneous intensity and short-time Fourier transform. These factors are subsequently mapped to allow a description of their evolution through the energy decay in the room for a given measurement location. The best performing system, based on the use of one-dimensional p-p intensity probe mounted in a custom cradle, achieves a minimum overall mean error of 0.226 degrees and 2.971 degrees for the direct sound and first reflection respectively, which is near or below the measured human minimum audible angle (MAA). The method developed has direct applications in the quantification of small room acoustic sound fields for critical listening purposes.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Fazenda, BM (Supervisor)
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: J Romero Perez
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2014 16:58
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2016 10:08
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URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/30958

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