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Optimum patient orientation for pelvic and hip radiography: A randomised trial

Harding, L, Manning-Stanley, AS, Evans, P, Taylor, EM, Charnock, P and England, A 2014, 'Optimum patient orientation for pelvic and hip radiography: A randomised trial' , Radiography, 20 (1) , pp. 22-32.

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Purpose To investigate the effect of patient orientation on the radiation dose and image quality (IQ) for digital (DR) and computed radiography (CR) examinations of the pelvis. Methods A randomised study was conducted using DR and CR X-ray equipment. The standard patient orientation of head towards (HT) the two outer Automatic Exposure Device (AED) chambers was compared with a group of patients with their head away (HA) from the two outer AED chambers. Collection of mAs, source-to-skin distance and kVp data facilitated the calculation of entrance surface dose (ESD) and effective dose (ED) which were compared between groups. Each image was graded independently by three observers. IQ data were analysed for inter-observer variability and statistical differences. Results For DR pelvis examinations switching orientation (HT to HA) reduced the mean ESD and ED by 31% (P < 0.001), respectively. For CR examinations the dose reduction was greater between the two orientations (38%; P = 0.009). Examinations of the hips allowed dose reductions of around 50% when switching between orientations. For DR examinations minor reductions in IQ were seen and favoured the HT orientation (P = 0.03). For CR examinations there were no statistical differences in IQ between orientations. Conclusion Switching patient orientation relative to the AED chambers can help optimise radiation dose. In order to facilitate this chamber position should be clearly marked on all equipment and patient orientation should be a consideration when tailoring individual examinations. For DR minor changes in IQ are a consequence of changing orientation and should be factored into the decision making.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Digital radiography; Optimisation; Image quality
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Schools > School of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Radiography
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1078-8174
Depositing User: S Rafiq
Date Deposited: 02 May 2014 05:36
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:43

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