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Combined permeable pavement and photocatalytic titanium dioxide oxidation system for urban run-off treatment and disinfection

Tota-Maharaj, K and Scholz, M 2013, 'Combined permeable pavement and photocatalytic titanium dioxide oxidation system for urban run-off treatment and disinfection' , Water and Environment Journal, 27 (3) , pp. 338-347.

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Abstract

Permeable pavement systems (PPS) are frequently associated with high removal efficiencies for water quality parameters. Their effluent can, therefore, be recycled, for example, for sprinkling onto gardens. Nevertheless, some stakeholders fear that potentially pathogenic organisms within the treated run-off could be too high, and therefore they request disinfection before recycling. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to assess the efficiency of a batch flow combined titanium dioxide (TiO2) and ultraviolet (UV) light photocatalytic reactor in removing water-borne microbial contaminants from the effluent of PPS. Combined TiO2 and UV photocatalytic reaction times between 80 and 100 min were required for the complete removal of Escherichia coli, total coliforms and faecal Streptococci, which had mean initial counts of 1.5 × 107, 4.4 × 106 and 6.9 × 105 colony-forming units (CFU) per 100 mL, respectively. In comparison, UV disinfection alone resulted in insignificant microbial removal. Suspended TiO2 powder was more effective than small immobilised TiO2 crystals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Escherichia coli ;faecal Streptococci;hydroxyl radical, microbial pollutants, photochemical bacterial inactivation;total coliforms, water quality, water reuse
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Water and Environment Journal
Publisher: Wiley
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1747-6585
Related URLs:
Funders: Coventry University and Hanson Formpave
Depositing User: Institutional Repository
Date Deposited: 16 May 2014 16:51
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:54
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/31840

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