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Wheelchair tennis match-play demands: Effect of player rank and result

Sindall, PA, Lenton, JP, Tolfrey, K, Cooper, RA, Oyster, M and Goosey-Tolfrey, VL 2013, 'Wheelchair tennis match-play demands: Effect of player rank and result' , International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8 (1) , pp. 28-37.

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Abstract

Purpose: To examine the heart-rate (HR) response and court-movement variables during wheelchair tennis match play for high- (HIGH) and low- (LOW) performance-ranked players. Analysis of physiological and movement-based responses during match play offers an insight into the demands of tennis, allowing practical recommendations to be made. Methods: Fourteen male open-class players were monitored during tournament match play. A data logger was used to record distance and speed. HR was recorded during match play. Results: Significant rank-by-result interactions revealed that HIGH winners covered more forward distance than HIGH losers (P < .05) and had higher average (P < .05) and minimum (P < .01) HRs than LOW winners. LOW losers had higher average (P < .01) and minimum (P < .001) HRs than LOW winners. Independent of result, a significant main effect for rank was identified for maximum (P < .001) and average (P < .001) speed and total (P < .001), reverse (P < .001), and forward-to-reverse (P < .001) distance, with higher values for HIGH. Independent of rank, losing players experienced higher minimum HRs (P < .05). Main effects for maximum HR and actual playing time were not significant. Average playing time was 52.0 (9.1) min. Conclusions: These data suggest that independent of rank, tennis players were active for sufficient time to confer health-enhancing effects. While the relative playing intensity is similar, HIGH players push faster and farther than LOW players. HIGH players are therefore more capable of responding to ball movement and the challenges of competitive match play. Adjustments to the sport may be required to encourage skill developmental in LOW players, who move at significantly lower speeds and cover less distance.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Schools > School of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1555-0265
Related URLs:
Funders: The University of Salford
Depositing User: PA Sindall
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2014 17:10
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:43
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/31942

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