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Neospora caninum: detection in wild rabbits and investigation of co-infection with Toxoplasma gondii by PCR analysis

Hughes, JM, Thomasson, D, Craig, PS, Georgin, SD, Pickles, A and Hide, G 2008, 'Neospora caninum: detection in wild rabbits and investigation of co-infection with Toxoplasma gondii by PCR analysis' , Experimental Parasitology, 120 (3) , pp. 255-260.

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Abstract

Neospora caninum is an important pathogen of cattle causing significant economic loss. There is much current interest in wild animal reservoirs for this parasite. The role of the rabbit in this is currently unknown. DNA samples from the brains of wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) collected from the Malham area of the Yorkshire dales were investigated by species-specific PCR for the presence of N. caninum and Toxoplasma gondii. We found prevalences of N. caninum of 10.5% (6/57) and T. gondii of 68.4% (39/57) with 8.8% (5/57) co-infected. Strain typing of T. gondii positive rabbits revealed strain types I-III were present in this population. Investigation of tissue distribution determined N. caninum DNA was most often detected in the brain and heart, less often in the tongue and not in the liver. To our knowledge this is the first report of N. caninum detection in naturally infected wild rabbits.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Experimental Parasitology
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0014-4894
Depositing User: S Rafiq
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2014 15:11
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 18:17
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/32376

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