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Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours: evidence from the ALSPAC cohort

Thomson, RM, Allely, CS, Purves, D, Puckering, C, McConnachie, A, Johnson, PCD, Golding, J, Gillberg, C and Wilson, P 2014, 'Predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours: evidence from the ALSPAC cohort' , BMC Pediatrics, 14 (1) , p. 247.

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Background This study aimed to establish the predictors of positive and negative parenting behaviours in a United Kingdom population. The majority of previous research has focused on specific risk factors and has used a variety of outcome measures. This study used a single assessment of parenting behaviours and started with a wide range of potential pre- and post-natal variables; such an approach might be used to identify families who might benefit from parenting interventions. Methods Using a case-control subsample of 160 subjects from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), regression analysis was undertaken to model parenting behaviours at 12 months as measured by the Mellow Parenting Observational System. Results Positive parenting increased with maternal age at delivery, levels of education and with prenatal anxiety. More negative interactions were observed among younger mothers, mothers with male infants, with prenatal non-smokers and among mothers who perceived they had a poor support structure. Conclusions This study indicates two factors which may be important in identifying families most at risk of negative parenting: younger maternal age at delivery and lack of social support during pregnancy. Such factors could be taken into account when planning provision of services such as parenting interventions. We also established that male children were significantly more likely to be negatively parented, a novel finding which may suggest an area for future research. However the findings have to be accepted cautiously and have to be replicated, as the measures used do not have established psychometric validity and reliability data.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Pediatrics
Publisher: BioMed Central
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1471-2431
Related URLs:
Funders: Waterloo Foundation, Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, Yorkhill Children's Foundation, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre
Depositing User: CS Allely
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2014 16:39
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2014 14:10

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