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Divergence by depth in an oceanic fish

Shum, P, Pampoulie, C, Sacchi, C and Mariani, S 2014, 'Divergence by depth in an oceanic fish' , PeerJ, 2 , e525.

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Abstract

Despite the striking physical and environmental gradients associated with depth variation in the oceans, relatively little is known about their impact on population diversification, adaptation and speciation. Changes in light associated with increasing depth are likely to alter the visual environment of organisms, and adaptive changes in visual systems may be expected. The pelagic beaked redfish, Sebastes mentella, exhibits depth-associated patterns of substructure in the central North Atlantic, with a widely distributed shallow-pelagic population inhabiting waters between 250 and 550 m depth and a deep-pelagic population dwelling between 550 and 800 m. Here we performed a molecular genetic investigation of samples from fish collected from ‘shallow’ and ‘deep’ populations, using the mitochondrial control region and the gene coding for the visual-pigment rhodopsin. We identify patterns suggestive of potential adaptation to different depths, by detecting a specific amino acid replacement at the rhodopsin gene. Mitochondrial DNA results reflect a scenario of long-term demographic independence between the two S. mentella groups, and raise the possibility that these ‘stocks’ may in fact be two incipient species.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: PeerJ
Publisher: Peer J
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 2167-8359
Related URLs:
Funders: University College Dublin (UCD), Marine Research Institute (MRI)
Depositing User: Prof Stefano Mariani
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2015 18:02
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2015 18:02
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/33293

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