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Demonstrating compliance with protection objectives for non-human biota within post-closure safety cases for radioactive waste repositories

Jackson, D, Smith, K and Wood, M 2014, 'Demonstrating compliance with protection objectives for non-human biota within post-closure safety cases for radioactive waste repositories' , Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 133 , pp. 60-68.

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Abstract

Over recent years, a number of approaches have been developed that enable the calculation of dose rates to animals and plants following the release of radioactivity to the environment. These approaches can be used to assess the potential impacts of activities that may release radioactivity to the environment, such as the operation of waste repositories. A number of national and international studies have identified screening criteria to indicate those assessment results below which further consideration is not generally required. However no internationally agreed criteria are currently available and consistency in criteria between countries has not been achieved. Furthermore, since screening criteria are not intended to be applied as limits, it is clear that they cannot always form a sufficient basis for assessing the adequacy of protection afforded. Typically, exceeding a screening value leads to a regulatory requirement to undertake a further, more detailed assessment. It does not, per se, imply that there is inadequate protection of the organism types at the specific site under assessment. Therefore, there is a need to develop a more structured approach to dealing with situations in which current screening criteria are exceeded. As a contribution to the developing international discussions, and as an interim measure for application where assessments are required currently, a two-tier, three zone framework is proposed here, relevant to the long term assessment of potential impacts from the deep disposal of radioactive wastes. The purpose of the proposed framework is to promote a proportionate and risk-based approach to the level of effort required in undertaking and interpreting an assessment.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Energy
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0265-931X
Related URLs:
Funders: BIOPROTA
Depositing User: Dr Mike Wood
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2015 10:51
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2015 11:11
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/33675

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