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Drought indices supporting drought management in transboundary watersheds subject to climate alterations

Al-Faraj, FAM, Scholz, M, Tigkas, D and Boni, M 2014, 'Drought indices supporting drought management in transboundary watersheds subject to climate alterations' , Water Policy . (In Press)

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There is growing concern in Iraq about the inefficiency of reactive drought management practices. Corresponding actions are largely characterized as emergency-based responses that treat the symptoms of drought rather than consider the vulnerability components associated with impacts. The Diyala watershed shared between Iraq and Iran has been used as an example transboundary river basin marked by ineffectiveness of drought management. The standardized precipitation index and the reconnaissance drought index were used to determine the historical meteorological drought episodes and the analysis indicated climate change-induced alterations in the area. Spatiotemporal drought maps were drawn, which can be used for the identification of the drought prone areas and assist proactive planning. The paper discusses the underlying causes of impairments of drought management policies, challenges and difficulties accompanied with the governance of drought in Iraq. Given the influence of climate change and the upstream anthropogenic pressures, the time has come to adopt a gradual nation-wide transition step to drought risk planning incorporating a management approach at transboundary scale. Moreover, the institutional and technical water vulnerability components associated with drought management should be considered in an integrated manner. The paper presents a generic technical template to support decision-makers in drought risk management.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Water Policy
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1366-7017
Related URLs:
Funders: Funder not known
Depositing User: B Li
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2015 12:16
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2015 00:18

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