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Kinetic processes of acute atrazine toxicity to brachydanio rerio in the presence and absence of suspended sediments

Yan, H, Huang, S and Scholz, M 2015, 'Kinetic processes of acute atrazine toxicity to brachydanio rerio in the presence and absence of suspended sediments' , Water, Soil & Air Pollution, 226 (66) . (In Press)

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Suspended sediments can decrease the apparent bio-concentration factor of organic pollutants through adsorption. However, whether this process also weakens the toxicity of organic pollutants to non-target aquatic organisms is not clear. Therefore, natural sediments were chosen as suspended sediment examples in this research applying atrazine as the target pollutant and Brachydanio rerio (more recently, Danio rerio (Zebrafish)) as the target organism to conduct acute toxicity experiments. The concentration of atrazine in aqueous solution was measured as a time series. Results show that without suspended sediments, the 96-h LC50 of atrazine to Brachydanio rerio is 29.06 mg/l at 95 % confidence interval (24.41 to 40.70 mg/l). For suspended sediments of 7500 and 15,000 mg/l, the LC50 (i.e., concentration resulting in 50 % mortality) equates to 30.74 and 39.51 mg/l, respectively, and the corresponding confidence intervals are between 27.17 and 40.91 mg/l and between 30.43 and 126.93 mg/l in that order. Probit analysis, which is a type of regression used to analyze binomial response variables, was applied using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. For the series of no suspended solids (SS), 7500 and 15,000 mg/l SS, the so-called no-observed-effective concentrations were 3, 9, and 15 mg/l, correspondingly. The uptake quantity and uptake rate of atrazine by B. rerio according to atrazine concentrations in the aqueous solution were computed. The research indicates that suspended sediments can decrease the absorbed rate of atrazine by B. rerio. Thus, suspended sediments weaken the acute toxicity of atrazine to B. rerio.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Water, Soil & Air Pollution
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0049-6979
Related URLs:
Funders: Funder not known
Depositing User: B Li
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2015 12:49
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2015 00:18

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