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The use of multiple antenna techniques for uwb wireless personal area networks (UWB-MIMO WPANS)

Adam, M 2014, The use of multiple antenna techniques for uwb wireless personal area networks (UWB-MIMO WPANS) , PhD thesis, The University of Salford.

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Abstract

The research activities over the three years were presented in this thesis. The work centred on the use of multiple spatial elements for Ultra wide band wireless system in order to increase the throughput, and for wireless range requirement applications, increases the coverage area. The challenges and problems of this type of implementation are identified and analysed when considered at the physical layer. The study presents a model design that integrates the multiple antenna configurations on the short range wireless communication systems. As the demand for capacity increases in Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN); to address this issue, the framework of the Wi-Media Ultra Wide Band (UWB) standard has been implemented in many WPAN systems. However, challenging issues still remain in terms of increasing throughput, as well as extending cellular coverage range. Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) technology is a well-established antenna technology that can increase system capacity and extend the link coverage area for wireless communication systems. The work started by carrying out an investigation into integrated MIMO technology for WPANs based on the Wi-Media framework using Multi-band Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MB-OFDM). It considered an extensive review of applicable research, the potential problems posed by some approaches and some novel approaches to resolve these issues. The proposed ECMA-368 standard was considered, and a UWB system with a multiple antenna configuration was undertaken as a basis for the analysis. A novel scheme incorporating Dual Circular 32 - QAM was proposed for MB-OFDM based systems in order to enhance overall throughput, and could be modified to increase the coverage area at compromise of the data rate. The scheme was incorporated into a spatial multiplexing model with measured computational complexity and practical design issues. This way the capacity could be increased to twice the theoretical levels, which could pay the way to high speed multi-media wireless indoor communication between devices. Furthermore, the range of the indoor wireless network could be increased in practical wireless sensor networks. The inherent presence of spatial and frequency diversity that is associated with this multiple radiators configuration enlarge the signal space, by introducing additional degrees of freedom that provide a linear increase in the system capacity, for the same available spectrum. By incorporating the spatial elements with a Dual Circular modulation that is specified within the standard, it can be shown that a substantial gain in spectral efficiency could be possible. A performance analysis of this system and the use of spatial multiplexing for potential data rates above Gigabit per second transmission were considered. In this work, a model design was constructed that increases the throughput of indoor wireless network systems with the use of dual radiating elements at the both transmitter and receiver. A simulation model had been developed that encapsulate the proposed design. Tests were carried out which investigate the performance characteristics of various spatial and modulation proposals and identifies the challenges surrounding their deployments. Results analysis based on various simulation tests including the IEEE802.15.3a UWB channel model had shown a lower error rate performance in the implementation of the model. The proposed model can be integrated in commercial indoor wireless networks and devices with relatively low implementation cost. Further, the design used in future work to address the current challenges in this field and provides a framework for future systems development.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Themes: Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Funders: The University of Salford
Depositing User: M Adam
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2015 13:38
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 23:53
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/34326

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