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Independent evaluation of a canine Echinococcosis Control Programme in Hobukesar County, Xinjiang, China

Van Kesteren, F, Qi, X, Tao, J, Feng, X, Mastin, A, Craig, PS, Vuitton, DA, Duan, X, Chu, X, Zhu, J and Wen, H 2015, 'Independent evaluation of a canine Echinococcosis Control Programme in Hobukesar County, Xinjiang, China' , Acta Tropica, 145 , pp. 1-7.

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The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwest China is one of the world's most important foci for cystic echinococcosis. Domestic dogs are the main source for human infection, and previous studies in Xinjiang have found a canine Echinococcus spp. coproELISA prevalence of between 36% and 41%. In 2010 the Chinese National Echinococcosis Control Programme was implemented in Xinjiang, and includes regular dosing of domestic dogs with praziquantel. Six communities in Hobukesar County, northwest Xinjiang were assessed in relation to the impact of this control programme through dog necropsies, dog Echinococcus spp. coproantigen surveys based on Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) and dog owner questionnaires. We found that 42.1% of necropsied dogs were infected with Echinococcus granulosus, and coproELISA prevalences were between 15% and 70% in the communities. Although approximately half of all dog owners reported dosing their dogs within the 12 months prior to sampling, coproELISA prevalence remained high. Regular praziquantel dosing of owned dogs in remote and semi-nomadic communities such as those in Hobukesar County is logistically very difficult and additional measures should be considered to reduce canine echinococcosis.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Biomedical Research Centre
Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Tropica
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0001-706X
Related URLs:
Funders: Wellcome Trust, Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in Universities
Depositing User: A Mastin
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2015 17:26
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2015 17:26

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