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Neurobiological abnormalities in the first few years of life in individuals later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder : A review of recent data

Allely, CS, Gillberg, C and Wilson, P 2014, 'Neurobiological abnormalities in the first few years of life in individuals later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder : A review of recent data' , Behavioural Neurology, 2014 , pp. 1-20.

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Access Information: Copyright © 2015 C. S. Allely et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: Despite the widely-held understanding that the biological changes that lead to autism usually occur during prenatal life, there has been relatively little research into the functional development of the brain during early infancy in individuals later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Objective: This review explores the studies over the last three years which have investigated differences in various brain regions in individuals with ASD or who later go on to receive a diagnosis of ASD. Methods: We used PRISMA guidelines and selected published articles reporting any neurological abnormalities in very early childhood in individuals with or later diagnosed with ASD. Results: Various brain regions are discussed including the amygdala, cerebellum, frontal cortex, and lateralised abnormalities of the temporal cortex during language processing. This review discusses studies investigating head circumference, electrophysiological markers, and interhemispheric synchronisation. All of the recent findings from the beginning of 2009 across these different aspects of defining neurological abnormalities are discussed in light of earlier findings. Conclusions: The studies across these different areas reveal the existence of atypicalities in the first year of life, well before ASD is reliably diagnosed. Cross-disciplinary approaches are essential to elucidate the pathophysiological sequence of events that lead to ASD.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Behavioural Neurology
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0953-4180
Related URLs:
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: CS Allely
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2015 11:35
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2015 11:35
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/35005

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